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prelims Test Series 2019
बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Southern States and Union Territories Lead Urbanization in the Country
Jul 23, 2014

Urban population in the country has increased from 27.80% of the total population in 2001 to 31.10% in 2011 marking an increase of 3.30%. People living in urban areas of the country have increased by over nine crores during this period. Four southern states, six Union Territories besides the states of Gujarat, Goa, Haryana, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura have led this growth in urbanization. 

As against the national trend, urban population in the southern states increased by 21.70% in Kerala, 6.10% in undivided Andhra Pradesh, 4.70% in Karnataka and 4.40% in Tamil Nadu. The increase in respect of UTs has been-Daman & Diu (39.00%), Lakshadweep (33.60%), Dadra and Nagar-Haveli (23.80%), Chandigarh (7.50), Delhi (4.30%), Andaman & Nicobar Islands (5.10%). Puducherry reported an increase of only 1.70%. 

Other states to have exceeded national average in urbanization included: Goa (22.40%), Sikkim (14.10%), Nagaland (10.70%), Haryana (6.0%), Gujarat (5.20%), Uttarakhand (4.50%), West Bengal (3.90%) and Punjab (3.60%). 

Major states to have fallen below the national average in urban growth included: Himachal Pradesh (only 0.20% increase in urban population), Uttar Pradesh (0.50%), Bihar (0.80%), Assam (1.20%), Rajasthan (1.50%), Odisha (1.70%), Jharkhand (1.80%) and Maharashtra (2.80%). 

The per capita water supply in urban areas is 69.20 litres per day as against the benchmark of 135 litres. The average coverage of water supply connections is 50.20% as against the bench mark of 100%. 

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