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सेमिनार: अंग्रेज़ी सीखने का अवसर (23 सितंबर: दोपहर 3 बजे)
Moderates Win Iran Elections
Mar 08, 2016

Moderates close to Iranian President Hassan Rouhani won key seats in the country’s parliament, a setback to hard-liners opposed to the Iranian leader’s policy of more openness to the West. In the first parliamentary election since Hassan Rouhani’s government reached a nuclear deal in July with the U.S. and other world powers, the results were on track to produce a parliament in which his allies could outnumber conservatives and hard-liners in the 290-seat parliament.

  • Among the full results, 81 moderates and reformists won seats nationwide, against 74 conservatives and 58 independents.

  • Runoffs are to be conducted for 67 parliament seats where the leading candidate didn’t get more than 25% of the vote. Those polls will likely take place in April.

  • In separate contests for the powerful Assembly of Experts, which will pick a successor to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, a list of candidates promoted by the moderates also won all but one of Tehran’s 16 seats in the 88-member clerical body.

  • About 34 million of Iran’s 55 million eligible voters (62%) cast their ballots, down slightly from 63.9% in parliamentary elections in 2012.

  • Moderate-backed candidates gain in the Assembly of Experts, where members have eight-year terms, could be significant because of the body’s role in selecting a new supreme leader.

  • The moderates triumphed despite a disqualification process that they said targeted them unfairly.

  • Moderates had campaigned on the economic benefits of the nuclear deal, which went into effect in January.

  • They also emphasized greater political participation for women and for young people. About 40% of Iran’s population is under 25.

  • In these elections eight female reformists won, all coming from the Tehran.

  • In total, 14 female candidates, all reformists, won seats across the country, five more than the current nine members.

  • In addition, seven female candidates are headed for a runoff in April, potentially bringing the number of female MPs to 21 - in what could be the largest female delegation in the history of Iran's parliament, including the pre-1979 revolution assembly.

  • Overall, reformists increased their number in parliament winning all 30 contested seats in the capital. However, they failed to achieve an outright majority, with conservatives winning outside of Tehran. About 64 seats are being contested in the second round.

  • Of Iran's estimated 81.8 million population, 49 percent are women. But in the recent polls, only 586 of the 6,229 parliament candidates, or 9.4 percent, were women.

The hard-liners are losing their grip on the parliament after two four-year terms during which they dominated. These elections had been seen as a referendum on Hassan Rouhani, who staked his government’s success on achieving the nuclear accord and ending Iran’s isolation abroad. Under the agreement, Iran agreed to limits on its nuclear

program in exchange for relief from international economic sanctions.

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