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prelims Test Series 2019
बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Model Police Act-2006
Aug 07, 2015

In October 2005, the central government set up a Police Act Drafting Committee (PADC), commonly known as the Soli Sorabjee Committee—tasked to draft a new Model Police Act. The PADC was mandated to take into account the changing role and responsibilities of the police and the challenges before it and draft a model act that could guide states while adopting their own legislation. The Committee submitted a draft Model Police Act on 30th October, 2006. A copy of the draft Model Police Act as framed by the Committee was sent to States for consideration and appropriate action.

  • So far 15 States—Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura and Uttarakhand have formulated their State Police Act and 2 States—Gujarat and Karnataka have amended their existing Police Act. Thus, total 17 State Governments have either formulated their State Police Acts or amended the existing one. Salient Features of Model Police Act 

  • The Model Act emphasized the need to have a professional police service in a democratic society, which is efficient, effective, responsive to the needs of the people and accountable to the Rule of Law. 

  • The Act provided for social responsibilities of the police and emphasizes that the police would be governed by the principles of impartiality and human rights norms, with special attention to protection of weaker sections including minorities (preamble to the Act). 

  • While recognising that the police is an agency of the State and therefore accountable to the elected political executive, the Committee has specifically outlined the role of Superintendence of the State Government over the police (Section 39). 

  • The Model Police Act suggested creation of a State Police Board (Sections 42-50) to frame broad policy guidelines for promoting efficient, responsive and accountable policing etc.

  • Merit-based selection and appointment of the Director General of Police, ensuring security of tenures (Section 6), setting up of Establishment Committees (Section 53) to accept and examine complaints from police officers about being subjected to illegal orders, to recommend names of suitable officers to State Government for posting to all positions in the ranks of Assistant/Deputy Superintendents and above in the police organisation in the State excluding the DGP etc. 

  • To ensure an efficient, responsive and professional police service, the Model Act sought earmarking dedicated staff for crime investigation; and distinct cadre for Civil Police vis-a-vis Armed Police. 

  • The Act prioritised police accountability, both for their performance and their conduct. 

  • The Act also aimed to provide better service conditions to the police personnel including rationalising their working hours, one day off in each week, or compensatory benefits in lieu.

  • It suggested creation of a Police Welfare Bureau to take care of health, housing, and legal facilities for police personnel as well as financial security for the next of kin of those dying in service. 

  • It further mandates the government to provide insurance cover to all officers, and special allowances to officers posted in special wings commensurate with the risk involved. 

Public Order and Police are State subjects falling in Entry 1&2 of List-II of the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution of India. It is the State Governments/UT Administrations, which have to implement the various police reforms measures. The Centre persuades the States from time to time to bring the requisite reforms in the Police administration to meet the expectations of the people.

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