Study Material | Test Series
Drishti IAS
call1800-121-6260 / 011-47532596
Drishti The Vision Foundation
(A unit of VDK Eduventures Pvt. Ltd.)
mains Test Series 2018
MoU between India and United States for Cooperation in Gas Hydrates
Oct 04, 2014

The Union Cabinet gave its approval for signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and the United States for cooperation in gas hydrates for a period of five years. Cooperation with the United States Department of Energy (USDOE) in the field of gas hydrates, will facilitate active participation of the National Gas Hydrate Programme (NGHP) and USDOE scientists in data collection, analysis and identification of sites for pilot production testing. 

This would be under the planned NGHP Expedition-2 and 3 in deep water areas of the Eastern, Western and Andaman Sea. Exchange of scientific and technical information will help Indian scientists enhance understanding of Indian gas hydrates and keep them abreast with international developments.


Gas hydrates are considered as vast resources of natural gas and are known to occur in marine sediments on continental shelf margins. Worldwide work on gas hydrates is at a Research and Development stage and no commercial exploitation has so far been reported. Gas hydrate resources in India are estimated at 1894 TCM and these deposits occur in Western, Eastern and Andaman offshore areas. 


The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas (MoPNG) has formulated the NGHP in 2000. NGHP Expedition-1 launched in 2006, had established presence of gas hydrates in KG and Mahanadi basins and Andaman deep waters. NGHP Expedition-2 and 3 are under advanced stage of planning and are due in the period 2014-2017. 20 sand prone sites are planned to be cored and 40 wells are planned to be drilled. Based on this data, sites for pilot production testing will be identified and production planned to be carried out under Expedition-3. 


Helpline Number : 87501 87501
To Subscribe Newsletter and Get Updates.

http://www.drishtiias.com/upsc-current-affairs-article-MoU-between-India-and-United-States-for-Cooperation-in-Gas-Hydrates