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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Japan Cabinet Approves Landmark Military Change
Jul 04, 2014

Japan's cabinet has approved a landmark change in security policy, paving the way for its military to fight overseas. Under its constitution, Japan is barred from using force to resolve conflicts except in cases of self-defence. But a reinterpretation of the law will now allow collective self-defence—using force to defend allies under attack.

The Prime Minister of Japan, Shinzo Abe has been pushing hard for the move, arguing Japan needs to adapt to a changing security environment. The decision must be passed by parliament, which the ruling bloc controls. But by reinterpreting rather than revising the constitution, Shinjo Abe avoids the need for a public referendum. 

The USA, with whom Japan has a decades-old security alliance will welcome the move, but it will anger China, with whom Japan's ties are already very strained. 

The decision is also highly controversial in a nation where post-war pacifist identify is firmly entrenched. Shinjo Abe first endorsed the move in May, after a panel of his advisers released a report recommending changes to defence laws.

Japan adopted its pacifist constitution after its surrender in World War II. Since then, its troops have not engaged in combat, although small numbers have taken part in UN peace-keeping operations. 

What is Collective Self-defence?

  • In the past Japan could use force only in self-defence. Under the proposed change, Japan's military will be able to come to the aid of allies if they come under attack from a common enemy.

  • Other conditions would apply, including that there should be a clear threat to the Japanese state and that people's right to life and liberty could be subverted.

  • Examples of collective self-defence could include Japan shooting down a missile fired by North Korea at the US and Japan taking part in mine-sweeping operations in key sea lanes during a conflict.

  • Japan's PM says the change does not mean taking part in multilateral wars, like the US-led war in Iraq.


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