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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
India's INDC: To Anchor a Global Solar Alliance
Nov 30, 2015

The Government has said that India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) is balanced and comprehensive.  India is keen to attempt to work towards a low carbon emission pathway, while simultaneously endeavoring to meet all the developmental challenges that the country faces today.

  • India’s INDC include reduction in the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 per cent by 2030 from 2005 level and to create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.

  • India has also decided to anchor a global solar alliance, INSPA (International Agency for Solar Policy & Application), of all countries located in between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn.

  • The INDC centre around India’s policies and programmes on promotion of clean energy, especially renewable energy, enhancement of energy efficiency, development of less carbon intensive and resilient urban centres, promotion of waste to wealth, safe, smart and sustainable green transportation network, abatement of pollution and India’s efforts to enhance carbon sink through creation of forest and tree cover.  It also captures citizens and private sector contribution to combating climate change.

The INDC proposals are on the following:

 Sustainable Lifestyles

⇒ Cleaner Economic Development

Reduce Emission intensity of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

Increase the Share of Non Fossil Fuel Based Electricity

Enhancing Carbon Sink (Forests)


Mobilizing Finance

Technology Transfer and Capacity Building

  • INDC outlines the post-2020 climate actions they intend to take under a new international agreement.  The INDC document is prepared with a view to taking forward the vision of a sustainable lifestyle and climate justice to protect the poor and vulnerable from adverse impacts of climate change.

  • Forest and Climate Change adopted an inclusive process for preparation of India’s INDC.

  • It held stakeholder consultations with the specific involvement of the key Ministries and State Governments.

  • Interactions were also held with civil society organisations, thinktanks and technical & academic institutions of eminence.

  • India has commissioned Greenhouse Gas (GHG) modeling studies for projections of GHG emissions till 2050 with a decadal gap.

India’s Expectations from Paris

  • A balanced agreement with all components -mitigation, adaptation, technology, finance and capacity building- consistent with the principles and provisions of the Convention.

  • New, additional and predictable finances from developed and developing countries for mitigation, adaptation, technology transfer and capacity building.

  • Provision of technology development, transfer and diffusion.

  • Paris Agreement must incorporate loss and damage and make operational Warsaw International Mechanism.

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