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Indian Elections: Some Facts & Figures
Apr 12, 2014

Voting isin progress for 2014 General Elections; 3 phases already completed.  More than 814 million people, a number larger than the population of Europe, are eligible to vote in the world’s biggest democratic exercise.

Voting is in process in different phases and will be completed in 10 phases, until May 12, and results are due to be announced on May 16. Elections to state assemblies in Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Sikkim are also going to be held simultaneously.

  • There are around 930,000 polling stations for the month-long election using electronic voting machines, first introduced in 2004.

  • Uttar Pradesh has the most eligible voters (134 million).

  • Sikkim has the lowest eligible voters (about 362,000). 

  • Male voters constitute 52.4 percent of the electorate but women voters outnumber men in eight regions—Puducherry, Kerala, Manipur, Mizoram, Daman & Diu, Meghalaya, Goa and Arunachal Pradesh.

  • About 23 million eligible voters have been enrolled in the 18 to 19 age group, nearly 3 percent of India’s voters.

  • Of total 814.5 million eligible voters, 28,314 identify themselves as transgender and their gender is listed as other. 

  • There are 11,844 non-resident Indians registered to vote in this election.

  • Since introducing photo voter ID cards and electoral rolls in 2009, 98 percent of India’s eligible voters have the former, 96 percent have the latter.

  • Electronic voting machine security includes: transported under armed escort and stored in strong rooms, with a double lock system and guarded 24×7 by armed police, and CCTV coverage. Also, parties/candidates allowed to keep a watch on them.

  • About10 million officials (including police for security) for smooth election process.

  • Uttar Pradesh has the highestLok Sabha seats (80) while the states of Nagaland, Sikkim, Mizoram and all the union territories have one seat each, except Delhi which has 7 seats.

  • A candidate can spend up to 7 million rupees for his election campaign in Delhi and all states except Arunachal Pradesh, Goa and Sikkim. For these states and other union territories, the limit is 5.4 million rupees.

  • A candidate for the Lok Sabha makes a deposit of 25,000 Rupees at the time of filing the nomination. If the candidate fails to get a sixth of the total valid votes polled, this amount is forfeited. Nearly 85 percent of the candidates lost their security deposit in the 2009 election.

  • In the 15th Lok Sabha, around 78 percent of the members have a graduate, post-graduate degree or a doctorate.

  • Malkangiri in Andhra Pradesh is the biggest Indian constituency in terms of voters with around 2.95 million electors; Lakshadweep is the smallest with 47,972 voters. In Lower Dibang Valley district of Arunachal Pradesh, Hukani polling station has 22 registered voters. Officials travel 22 km on foot to get there.

  • In the 2009 election, 363 political parties took part. The BahujanSamaj Party contested the maximum number of seats (500 out of 543), followed by the Congress (440) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (433).

  • The last general election had a voter turnout of over 58 percent. Nagaland (89.99 percent) had the highest turnout while Jammu & Kashmir (39.68 percent) saw the lowest.

  • Basic Minimum Facilities for polling stations include drinking water, shed, toilet, ramp for disabled voters.

  • Voters also have a None of the Above (NOTA) option on voting machines.

  • The indelible election ink that is applied while electors cast their votes is manufactured by Mysore Paints & Varnish Limited, a Karnataka government undertaking. 


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