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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. Falling child sex ratio: Comment on recently released data of falling child sex ration by the Civil Registration System of the Registrar General of India.
Dec 01, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :


Recently the Civil Registration System of the Registrar General of India have released data on falling sex ratio in India. New data points out fall in sex ratio at birth from 898 girls to 1,000 boys in 2013, to 887 a year later. This depressing trend of falling sex ratio is consistent with evidence from the Census figures of 2001 and 2011.


  • India being a fast growing economy in the world has fewer and fewer girls as a ratio of total births, which reflects the complex factors that include parental preference.   
  • According to 2014 data, States such as Tamil Nadu with a strong social development foundation have slipped on sex ratio at birth to 834 girl Childs.
  • It reflects the enforcement of the law that prohibits determination of the sex of the foetus and massive social investments to protect both immediate and long-term prospects of girls have not yielded desired result.
  • The main reason behind poor chance at survival because there is a socio-cultural mindset that prefers sons, girls are seen as a burden, and family size has begun to shrink.


  • Central Government, Judiciary and National Human rights Commission must take serious note of it and must ask an explanation on loose implementation of law in all states. 
  • There is need to create opportunities for education and protection of girl children, health care more effectively and exhaustively. 
  • Newly launched schemes like Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao must be implemented more effectively in districts with a poor sex ratio. 


The falling sex ratio reflects still existing patriarchal mindset that hampering prospects of India. Successive governments have initiated various programmes, but those are not implemented effectively. Such half-measures cannot produce a dramatic reversal of the shameful national record, hence there is urgent need to take effective measures to change mindset of people.

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