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Q. The ceasefire in Syria: In the backdrop of recent agreement between Russia and USA, discuss the issue in detail.
Sep 14, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :

Introduction-

Civil war in Syria is an ongoing multi-sided armed conflict in Syria in which international interventions have taken place. The war grew out of the unrest of the 2011 Arab Spring and escalated to armed conflict after President Bashar al-Assad's government violently repressed protests calling for his removal.

Ceasefire agreement-

  • Recently Russia and USA have reached an agreement reached in Geneva on a ceasefire in Syria.
  • According to agreement, Russia will prevent the regime of President Bashar al-Assad from bombing rebel-held areas.
  • And USA will join hands with Russia in the fight against jihadist groups, including the Islamic State.

Background-

  • The broad framework of the deal is the Russia’s plan, which was made public a year ago while announcing its intervention in Syria.
  • Russia wanted Syrian statehood to be restored and the major powers to come together in the fight against the jihadists.
  • When Russia made the proposal at the UN General Assembly, westerns countries were sceptical, with reservations about Russia attacking non-IS rebel groups. There were fears about the conflict escalating into a full-blown war.
  • The Russian intervention has bolstered the Syrian regime, changing the balance of the conflict. Mr. Assad’s regime was on the verge of collapse a year ago, it is now stable at least in its strongholds.
  • The rebels’ influence has shrunk, though they appear to be unbeatable in many of the small towns they control.
  • Above stalemate and the fear of more bloodshed have prompted both the USA and Russia to play down their differences. It is perhaps the best opportunity for a solution to the five-and-a-half-year old Syrian civil war.

Analysis and impact of judgement-

  • Recent ceasefire agreement has made prospects for peace more brighter given the investment the two military powers have made. Both the rebels and the regime have welcomed the deal.
  • There are positive changes at the regional level as well. Turkey, a staunch supporter of the rebels, had recently said Mr. Assad could play a transitional role in Syria.
  • As Russia wields strong influence over Assad may succeed in convincing to halt bombings by his regime. And joint operations by Russia and USA may able to weed out terrorism from Syria.
  • The agreement is considered as beginning of the end of civil ordeal in Syria. If the plan is implemented and followed effectively, then it will turning point in five and half year old Syrian civil war.

Conclusion-

Syrian has witnessed heavy bloodshed due to ongoing civil war between Assad regime and rebel groups including terror organisation like ISIS. Earlier USA and Russia took opposite stand on Syria and supporting different players. But now both countries are united against ongoing bloodshed in Syria, it is one of the significant steps towards establishing peace in Syria. This agreement has made prospects of establishing peace more brighter.


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