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सेमिनार: अंग्रेज़ी सीखने का अवसर (23 सितंबर: दोपहर 3 बजे)
Q. Issues of reservation: In the backdrop of recent jat agitation, comment on the issue.
Mar 22, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :


Recently proposed agitation by jat community has been postponed for 15 days after intervention of Chief Minister of Haryana. The chief minister has promised that the process of extending reservation to jat community will begin soon. We have witnessed large scale agitation by Jat community in Haryana, Patels in Gujarat. 

Issues and analysis-

  • The growing demand for reservations from various communities stems from two kinds of failure, one is developmental issue and the other is political issue.
  • As the share of services and industry in the economy goes up and that of agriculture goes down, communities whose prosperity and social dominance was derived from land-holding see their fortunes decline, in relation to those of other communities.
  • Failure to produce enough jobs to accommodate the aspirations of rural youth to move into urban jobs breeds frustration, especially as the policy of affirmative action secures jobs and the educational attainment needed to get those jobs for small sections of the society.
  • Indian politicians have failed by presenting reservations as a panacea and by patronising absenteeism and rampant inefficiency and fraud in the educational apparatus.

What can be done-?

  • Investing in infrastructure, promoting entrepreneurship and efficient financial mediation while maintaining macroeconomic stability in a globalising world is the way to create jobs.
  • Addressing both political and developmental issues is the long-term solution to the growing queue of communities seeking statutory reservation in jobs and higher education.


The issue of reservation in India has been one of the critical and became political tool in the hands of politicians. This issue and agitations are result of failure from political and developmental aspects, which needs to be addressed immediately. For that government should invest on infrastructure, promote entrepreneurship will create more jobs.

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