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Q. Impact of recent heavy rain: Discuss the impact of recent heavy rain across the country.
Aug 01, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :

Introduction-

Recently India has witnessed heavy rainfall across the nation. Heavy rainfall in a short span of time has created paralysing floods that have taken a heavy toll of life, wiped out crops and destroyed infrastructures in both rural and urban India. Five lakh people are displaced and floods have also caused massive damage to infrastructure, including roads and bridges.

Impact of heavy rain-

  • The farmers of these flood affected areas are facing heavy loss as thousands of acres of their paddy and other Kharif crops have either been submerged under flood water or have been totally eroded away by the streams of bulging rivers.
  • Livestock in these flooded regions is also facing hardship because of acute shortage of fodder. Many people died in flood related incidents in Assam, Bihar etc.
  • Due to rain, many cities in India like Gurugram, Bengaluru faced various issues like traffic jams, waterlogged roads and flooding.
  • Monsoon rains triggered miles-long traffic snarls in some cities, leaving thousands of commuters stranded for hours without water or food.
  • Similarly rains have cause heavy damages to infrastructure like roads, bridges, building etc.

Issues and suggestions-

  • India spends huge money on disaster reduction works but still the work of various agencies in the event of disaster is not upto the mark. For example the Flood Control Department as well as the disaster relief force have well-funded budgets, the hundreds of crores of rupees periodically spent on flood preparation, relief and mitigation research in various states have not yielded a protocol that reduces the impact of heavy rain.
  • There is an urgent need of fresh insight into the causes, effects and impact of rain and floods across the India, and central and state governments should effectively coordinate in tackling such crisis.
  • Planning in India both in urban and rural areas, must follow their respective planning principles to make the it sustainable and resilient. Facing the same problems year-after-year and escaping to business-as-usual after a few days of negative press is not the solution.

Conclusion-

Recent rains have caused severe flooding in several parts of the country, leading to the displacement of thousands of people from their homes. Economically it has caused heavy damage, but official estimates will come only when waters recede. India is prone to various disasters, hence government should relook its strategy to tackle such disasters.


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