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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. Housing for all and issues of urbanisation: Comment on the issue between housing for all and ever increasing urbanisation.
Apr 18, 2017 Related to : GS Paper- 2 and 3

Ans :

Introduction-

Recently it has been reported that, the Prime Minister’s Office has reportedly asked government departments to identify unused land, especially in developed government colonies, to plan affordable housing projects. It is considered as good move, as there is high scope due to the availability of basic amenities in those places. In such places small plots can be consolidated to build vertically and simultaneously by providing other important amenities like parking, gardens etc.

Issue-

  • Providing affordable housing to all is the need of the hour, but it would be a mistake to plan housing for all ignoring the economic imperative of urbanisation and the inevitable migration of large numbers of Indians from villages to towns, often new towns.
  • As services and industry grow much faster than agriculture, and creating new jobs, which leads to people will move from village to town to take up the new jobs. These numbers would be huge.
  • Even government by working efficiently may abolish the homelessness by in next few years, but there is always chance that the issue of migration may create new kind of homelessness.   

Way ahead-

  • It has been estimated that, in next couple of years, half of the Indian population will be settled in the urban areas. It means that about 25 crore people will be migrating from village to town in next couple of years.
  • Considering the current situations of Indian cities, these migrating populations cannot be accommodated in already crowded cities. Hence there is need to build new cities over some 20,000 sq km, if the density of new towns is to be around 12,000 people per sq km. 
  • Over the last few years, China has built dozens of new areas as part of a massive urbanisation drive. As conditions of population are same in both countries, hence India should also follow china model.
  • There is need to plan well ahead and manage the process of urbanisation in a way that suits our needs. The type of town planning that is envisioned will have a bearing how efficient and secure are our new cities.

Conclusion-

Indian government wants to ensure the affordable housing for all, which is great move in providing basic amenities to our people. But new housing projects must take over congestions in our cities, as rate of migration is increasing day by day. Hence government should focus on new cities to accommodate migrating population by ensuring economic and social infrastructures.


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