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Q. Evaluation mechanism in school system: Discuss the need of better evaluation mechanism in our school system.
Jun 01, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :


Recently the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has changed the existing moderation policy through a notification after the exams for the year were held. In this backdrop petition was filed against this notification in Delhi High Court and the court ordered to CBSE to continue with the policy which was in place when the examination forms were submitted last year. With High Court order, CBSE has finalised 12th result with use of moderation policy.

What is moderation Policy-?

It is the policy followed by CBSE (other boards also) in which they allocate grace marks to students for difficult questions to create level playing field among different courses.  


  • Delhi High Court directive to CBSE for continuation of moderation policy poses the immediate question of how various State boards of education that have not adopted the practice will respond. 
  • It also points to the long-standing challenge of achieving comparability while assessing students for undergraduate studies from different systems.


  • Moderation of marks under the CBSE system has been followed partly to offset the ambiguity of questions and any errors, and to achieve parity in the evaluation process and the annual pass percentage.
  • Currently various boards have already published the results without moderation, while others will resort to the practice, making it necessary for college authorities to make offsets while fixing admission criteria.
  • Use of tools like moderation also raises questions on the actual scores of the students. It is extraordinary that tests for non-quantitative subjects such as English and Political Science yield perfect scores of 100% in the examination.
  • It gives the impression that the questions require to be answered only within a limited framework laid out in a textbook, leaving little scope for creative responses that reflect the quality of teaching in the classroom.  Similarly over the past few years, the practice has been misused to artificially spike board marks.
  • Another important concern is that the pattern of testing procedures placing high importance on a single external examination, without an assurance to all students that the same tasks are being assessed on the same standards.
  • The emphasis on a single external examination has heavily influenced the learning process, tailoring it almost entirely to score marks. Built on a foundation of weak primary education, it does little to improve outcomes for the majority of students at the secondary school level.
  • In this backdrop there is an urgent need to bring necessary reforms in schooling system and adopt a better and effective evaluation mechanism in school level to address the issues related to current evaluation system.
  • Hence we need such reform system that should recognise the role of the teacher in ensuring genuine learning and encouraging creativity with external test that evaluates sound learning will be a good idea. 


The current system of evaluation created various anomalies through usage of tools like moderation and a single external examination. These systems neither provides effective level playing field nor does it assure standard learning system. Hence there is an urgent need to bring reforms in the current evaluation system and must develop effective evaluation mechanism to address the current problems.   

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