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Q. Cyber crimes and issues: The digital revolution has many rewards, but rolling cyber attacks show up its flip side. Discuss the steps taken by the government to prevent cyber crimes including those against women.
Jul 03, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :

Introduction-

There’s no doubt that we are living in an era of new vulnerabilities. Terrorism has spread online. Hacking of elections now looks like a realizable possibility rather than just an outlandish conspiracy theory. And as the internet of things become all-embracing (hooking up all automobiles, medical devices, TVs, manufacturing operations, power plants, etc) the task of outpacing ransomware, hacks and other cybercrime will only grow more demanding.

Steps Taken by the Government:

  • After consultation on Cyber Crimes in India held on 23.07.2015, National Commission for Women has submitted a report which inter-alia recommended for opening of more cyber cells, dedicated helpline numbers and imparting of proper legal, setting up forensic labs and technical training law enforcement agencies like police and judiciary to combat cyber crime. 
  • The Information Technology Act, 2000 together with Indian Penal Code have adequate provisions to deal with prevailing Cyber Crimes. It provides punishment in the form of imprisonment ranging from two years to life imprisonment and fine / penalty depending on the type of Cyber Crime. 
  • Cyber Crime Cells have been set up in States and Union Territories for reporting and investigation of Cyber Crime cases. 
  • Government has set up cyber forensic training and investigation labs in the States of Kerala, Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Meghalaya, Manipur and Jammu & Kashmir for training of Law Enforcement and Judiciary in these States.
  • In collaboration with Data Security Council of India (DSCI), NASSCOM, Cyber Forensic Labs have been set up at Mumbai, Bengaluru, Pune and Kolkata for awareness creation and training .
  • The Scheme for Universalisation of Women Helpline has been approved to provide 24 hour emergency and non-emergency response to all women affected by violence.

Conclusion:

Perfect security is unattainable. But the right combination of national policies and international protocols, individual and corporate safeguards can minimise risks. Government of India needs to get much more serious about cyber defence and so does India Inc. Poorly maintained IT infrastructure will expose it to attack. It is also important to underscore that the WannaCry attack was defeated by a British researcher’s kill switch. Individual heroes – interestingly including ethical hackers or bug hunters – continue to play a big role even in the new digital story.


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