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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. Coup attempt in Turkey: Discuss the recent coup attempt in Turkey and analyse the subsequent developments.
Jul 25, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :

Introduction-

Recently Turkey has witnessed a coup attempt by section of military forces, but the attempt was failed by swift action of elected government against rebels and its President succeeded in taking back the rein of government.

Background-

  • In Turkey the military is a relatively autonomous and popular institution and it has in the past toppled civilian governments three times. There had always been tension between the ruling elite and the military establishment.
  • The Republic of Turkey was created as a secular state in 1923 after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I.
  • Its founder Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was president until his death in 1938. His successor Ismet Inonu introduced multi-party democracy in 1946. Turkey witnessed repressive military coups in 1960, 1971 and 1980.

Developments after recent coup attempt-

  • More than 160 people were killed in violence that erupted after a faction of the armed forces attempted to seize power.
  • The President of Turkey after successfully taking back reins of the government has imposed 3 months emergency and it gives sweeping powers to President.
  • Government has arrested, fired, suspended or served notice on about 58,000 people. And it has closed the suspicious institutions related to rebel leaders.

Impact-

  • A large-scale crackdown on a society that has strong democratic currents within it and a history of revolts against rulers may invite public resentment, which is not good sign for any democracy. The crackdown has already damaged Turkey’s standing globally.
  • While it is important to hold those responsible for the coup accountable for their actions, but an all-out attack on the military, roughly a third of the command structure has been purged and it could be counterproductive in the long run.

Conclusion-

The failed coup was a chance for Turkey President to genuinely explore the reasons that led to the military revolt and take steps to address systemic failures. It was also an opportunity to strengthen democratic institutions. But the aftermath actions of President used to oust his enemies, real and imagined, from influential sectors andit marks a dangerous turn in the democratic set up of Turkey.


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