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State PCS

Madhya Pradesh State PCS

  • 18 Apr 2024
  • 2 min read
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Why in News?

Ashwagandha is growing in popularity, both in India and abroad. It is an evergreen shrub found in parts of India, Africa, and the Middle East.

Key Points

  • Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) is a medicinal herb. It is reputed as an immunity enhancer.
  • It is classified as an adaptogen, which means that it can help the body to manage stress.
  • Ashwagandha also boosts brain function and lowers blood sugar and helps fight symptoms of anxiety and depression.
  • Ashwagandha has shown clinical success in treating both acute and chronic rheumatoid arthritis.
    • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that can cause joint pain and damage throughout your body.
    • An autoimmune disease is a condition in which your immune system mistakenly attacks your body.
  • Being hardy and drought tolerant species with its enormous biocompounds, its usage is forever regarded and continues to enjoy the monopoly in many parts of India, particularly in Madhya Pradesh.
    • It grows in dry parts in sub-tropical regions. Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh are the major Ashwagandha producing states of the country.
    • In Madhya Pradesh it is cultivated in more than 5000 hectares.
  • The estimated production of Ashwagandha roots in India is more than 1500 tonnes and the annual requirement is about 7000 tonnes necessitating the increase in its cultivation and higher production.

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