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Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh GK

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  • 07 Aug 2021
  • 31 min read

UTTAR PRADESH GK

State Uttar Pradesh
Capital Lucknow
Formation 1 November, 1956
Area 2,40,928 sq. kms.
District 75
Administrative Division 18
Population 19,98,12,341

State Symbol
State Emblem:
A pall wavy, in chief a bow–and–arrow and in base two fishes
State Bird:
Sarus Crane (Grus Antigone)
State Animal:
Barasingha (Rucervus Duvaucelii)
State Tree:
Ashoka
State Flower:
Palash
State Sport:
Hockey

Uttar Pradesh : General Introduction

  • Reorganisation of State – 1 November, 1956
  • Name of State – North-West Province (From 1836)
    • North-West Agra and Oudh Province (From 1877)
    • United Provinces Agra and Oudh (From 1902)
    • United Provinces (From 1937)
    • Uttar Pradesh (From 24 January, 1950)
  • State Capital – Agra (From 1836)
    • – Prayagraj (From 1858)
    • – Lucknow (partial) (From 1921)
    • – Lucknow (completely) (From 1935)
  • Partition of State – 9 November, 2000 [Uttaranchal (currently Uttarakhand) was formed by craving out 13 districts of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Districts of Uttar Pradesh in the National Capital Region (NCR) – 8 (Meerut, Ghaziabad, Gautam Budh Nagar, Bulandshahr, Hapur, Baghpat, Muzaffarnagar, Shamli)
  • Such Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh, who got the distinction of being the Prime Minister of India – Chaudhary Charan Singh and Vishwanath Pratap Singh
  • Such Speaker of Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, who also became Chief Minister – Shri Banarsidas and Shripati Mishra
  • Speaker of the 17th Legislative Assembly – Shri Hriday Narayan Dikshit
  • Number of women members in the 17th Legislative Assembly – 44
  • Leader of the Opposition in the 17th Assembly – Shri Ram Govind Chaudhary (Samajwadi Party)
  • President's rule in the state for the first time – 25 February 1968 To 26 February 1969
  • State legislature – Bicameral legislature
  • Number of Lok Sabha seats – 80
  • Number of Rajya Sabha seats – 31
  • Speaker of the Assembly for the most time – Shri Atmaram Govind Kher and Keshari Nath Tripathi (3-3 times)
  • Total Member of the Legislative Assembly – 404 (403 Elected, 1 Nominated)
  • Total Member of the Legislative Council – 100
  • The first state Legislative Assembly constituted – July 1937
  • District With Most Legislative Assembly Seats – Prayagraj (12 Seats)
  • District With Lowest Legislative Assembly Seats – Shravasti, Mahoba, Chitrakoot (2-2 seats)
  • State's first central jail – Bareilly
  • First Chief Ministers of the state – Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant
  • First Deputy Chief Minister of the State – Chaudhary Narayan Singh
  • First woman chief minister of state and country – Sucheta Kripalani
  • First woman governor of state and country – Sarojini Naidu
  • India's first night wildlife park (Night Safari Park) is located in – Greater Noida
  • First Speaker of the state Legislative Assembly after independence – Rajarshi Purushottam Das Tandon
  • First Legislative Council Chairman of the state after independence – Chandra Bhal
  • First Chief Justice of Uttar Pradesh Allahabad High Court – Sir Walter Morgan

Geographic Situations

  • Area of Uttar Pradesh – 2,40,928 Sq Kms. (About 7.33% of India's area)
  • Latitude – 23°52' North Latitude to 30°28' North Latitude
  • Longitude – 77°3' East Longitude to 84°39' East Longitude
  • Length of the state from east to west – 650 Kms.
  • Length of the state from north to south – 240 Kms.
  • The state shares boundaries – 9 (8 states and 1 union territory)
  • Number of states boundaries Sonbhadra – 4 (Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Bihar)
  • State with maximum border with Uttar Pradesh – Madhya Pradesh
  • State with the shortest border with Uttar Pradesh – Himachal Pradesh
  • Most eastern district of the state – Ballia
  • Westernmost district of the state – Shamli
  • Northernmost district of the state – Saharanpur
  • Southernmost district of the state – Sonbhadra
  • Largest district of the state (in area) – Lakhimpur Kheri (7680 sq. km.)
  • Smallest district of the state (in area) – Hapur (660 sq. km.)
  • Number of states share boundaries to Saharanpur – 3 (Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand)
  • Agro– Climatic Zones in the state – 9
  • Major rivers flowing in the state – Ganga, Yamuna, Ramganga, Gomti and Ghaghra
  • Longest canal system in the state – Sharda Canal
  • The District of Uttar Pradesh is surrounded by Madhya Pradesh on three sides – Lalitpur
Geographical Boundary of Uttar Pradesh State
S.No. State/Country Uttar Pradesh shares its District Boundaries
1. Madhya Pradesh 11 (Agra, Etawah, Jalaun, Jhansi, Lalitpur, Mahoba, Banda, Chitrakoot, Prayagraj, Mirzapur and Sonbhadra)
2. Bihar 7 (Sonbhadra, Chandauli, Ghazipur, Ballia, Deoria, Kushinagar and Maharajganj)
3. Uttarakhand 7 (Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar, Bijnor, Moradabad, Rampur, Bareilly and Pilibhit)
4. Haryana 6 (Saharanpur, Shamli, Baghpat, Gautam Buddha Nagar, Aligarh and Mathura)
5. Delhi 3 (Baghpat, Ghaziabad and Gautam Buddha Nagar)
6. Rajasthan 2 (Agra and Mathura)
7. Chhattisgarh 1 (Sonbhadra)
8. Jharkhand 1 (Sonbhadra)
9. Himachal Pradesh 1 (Saharanpur)
10. Nepal 7 (Maharajganj, Siddharthnagar, Balrampur, Shravasti, Bahraich, Lakhimpur Kheri and Pilibhit)

States and their districts share the border with Uttar Pradesh
S.No. State Share Districts
1. Madhya Pradesh 13 (Morena, Bhind, Datia, Shivpuri, Ashoknagar, Sagar, Tikamgarh, Niwari Chhatarpur, Panna, Satna, Rewa, Singrauli)
2. Bihar 8 (West Champaran, Gopalganj, Siwan, Saran, Bhojpur, Buxar, Kaimur, Rohtas)
3. Haryana 7 (Yamunanagar, Karnal, Panipat, Sonipat, Faridabad, Palwal, Nuh (Mewat)
4. Uttarakhand 5 (Dehradun, Haridwar, Pauri, Nainital, Udham Singh Nagar)
5. Rajasthan 2 (Bharatpur and Dholpur)
6. Chhattisgarh 1 (Balrampur)
7. Jharkhand 1 (Garhwa)
8. Himachal Pradesh 1 (Sirmaur)

Major Institutes in Uttar Pradesh

  • Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research – Lucknow
  • Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture – Lucknow
  • National Sugar Institute – Kanpur
  • Indian Institute of Pulses Research – Kanpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology – Kanpur
  • Laxmipat Singhania Institute of Cardiology – Kanpur
  • Indian Veterinary Research Institute – Izatnagar (Bareilly)
  • Indian Institute of Vegetable Research – Varanasi
  • Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute – Jhansi
  • Indian Institute of Carpet Technology – Bhadohi
  • Indian Institute of Handloom Technology – Chaukaghat (Varanasi)
  • Uttar Pradesh Council of Agricultural Research – Lucknow
  • State Disaster Management Authority – Lucknow
  • Trade Facilitation Center and Craft Museum – Varanasi
  • Biotechnology Park Uttar Pradesh – Lucknow
  • VV Giri National Labor Institute – Noida
  • Uttar Pradesh State Industrial Development Corporation Limited – Kanpur
  • Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences – Saifai (Etawah)
  • UP Industrial Co– operative Association Limited – Kanpur
  • Uttar Pradesh Financial Corporation – Kanpur
  • Pradeshiya Industrial & Investment Corporation – Lucknow
  • Institute of Entrepreneurship Development – Lucknow
  • Fragrance and Flavour Development Centre – Kannauj
  • Uttar Pradesh Textile Technology Institute – Kanpur
  • Uttar Pradesh Small Industries Corporation Limited – Kanpur
  • Uttar Pradesh Export Corporation Ltd – Lucknow
  • State Leather Development and Marketing Corporation Limited – Agra
  • Uttar Pradesh Electronics Corporation Limited – Lucknow
  • Government Porcelain Development Center – Chunar and Khurja
  • Uttar Pradesh Handicrafts Development & Marketing Corporation Limited – Lucknow
  • Uttar Pradesh State Industrial Development Authority – Kanpur

Uttar Pradesh : Administrative Divisions

  • Total Districts – 75
  • Sub divisions – 18
  • Special Area Development Authority – 5
  • Gram Panchayat – 59163
  • Tehsils – 350 (As on 2018)
  • Nagar Panchayat – 437
  • Municipal Council – 198 (As on 2018)
  • Municipal Corporation – 17
  • Block Panchayats – 821 (As of 2018)
  • Nyaya Panchayats – 8,135 (As on 2018)
  • Community Development Block – 822

Energy

  • Formation of Uttar Pradesh State Electricity Council – 1959
  • Order of total power generation in the state – Thermal Power > Hydropower > Nuclear > Solar Power
  • UP Electricity Regulatory Commission setup – 1998
  • NTPC's Gas Based Thermal Projects in the State – 3 (Auraiya, Amla, Dadri)
  • State's oldest thermal project – Harduaganj Thermal Power Station (1942)
  • Establishment of only nuclear power station in the state – Narora (Bulandshahar) (1991-92)
  • Uttar Pradesh New and Renewable Energy Development Agency – 1983

Minerals

  • State Mineral Development Corporation setup – 1974
  • Uttar Pradesh is a state in terms of mineral resources. Lower – Middle Range
  • Largest coal reserves in the state – Sonbhadra
  • Copper reserve in the state – Sonrai (Lalitpur)

Transport and Communication

  • State's position in the country in terms of length of National Highways – Second (Maharashtra is at first position with total legth of approximately 18,000 kms)
  • Uttar Pradesh State Highways Authority constituted – 2004
  • Formation of Yamuna Expressway Industrial Development Authority – 2001
  • State's longest Highway – NH– 2 (Grand Trunk Road)
  • Country's longest green field (controlled access) expressway – Agra-Lucknow Expressway (302 kms.)
  • Establishment of Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation – 1972
  • Establishment of Uttar Pradesh State Bridge Corporation – 1973
  • World's longest railway platform – Gorakhpur
  • Formation of Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation Limited – 2013
  • Lucknow Metro launches commercial operations – 5 September 2017
  • Railway Safety Commission, Headquarters – Lucknow
  • The first train in the state was run in March 1859. – Prayagraj to Kanpur
  • Total Rail Network in the State – 9167 km. (first in the country)
  • Bus transport services in the state of U.P. began on 15 May 1947 – Lucknow to Barabanki
  • Approximate Length of Purvanchal Expressway – 340.82 Kms.
  • Lucknow Doordarshan started functioning on – 27 November 1975
  • Bus service started between Ayodhya to Janakpur (Nepal) – May 2018
  • Paratroopers Training School is located at – Agra
  • Aditya Birla Group develops private airport – Mayorpur (Sonbhadra)
  • India's first multi– modal terminal has been built – Ralhupur (Varanasi)
  • Lucknow Akashvani (All India Radio) established in the state – 2 April, 1938
  • First air postal service started in India – Between Allahabad (Prayagraj) to Naini
  • Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Uran Akademi is located at – Fursatganj (Amethi)

Census– 2011

  • Total Population of Uttar Pradesh – 19,98,12,341 (16.51% of the total population of the country)
  • Percentage of males in the total population of the state – 52.29%
  • Percentage of women in the total population of the state – 47.71%
  • Percentage of Rural Population to Total Population of the State – 77.73%
  • Percentage of urban population to the total population of the state – 22.27%
  • Most populous district – (1) Prayagraj (2) Moradabad (3) Ghaziabad
  • Least populated district – (1) Mahoba (2) Chitrakoot (3) Hamirpur

Population Density

  • Population Density of Uttar Pradesh – 829 people per sq km.
  • Increase in Population Density during 2001-11 – 139 persons per sq.km.
  • Districts have the highest density of population (in descending order) – (1) Ghaziabad (2) Varanasi (3) Lucknow
  • Districts have the Lowest density of population (in ascending order) – (1) Lalitpur (2) Sonbhadra (3) Hamirpur

Literacy Rate

  • Total Literacy in Uttar Pradesh – 67.72%
  • Male Literacy in Uttar Pradesh – 77.30%
  • Female Literacy of Uttar Pradesh – 57.20%
  • Increase in Average Literacy during 2001-11 – 11.36%
  • Difference between male and female literacy – 20.10%
  • Highest Literacy Districts – (1) Gautam Buddha Nagar (2) Kanpur Nagar (3) Auraiya
  • Lowest literacy districts (same order of male literacy) – (1) Shravasti (2) Bahraich (3) Balrampur

Sex Ratio

  • Average Sex Ratio of Uttar Pradesh (as per 2011 census) – 912 (Sex Ratio of India is 943)
  • The sex ratio of Uttar Pradesh increased during 2001-11 – 14 points
  • Highest Sex Ratio Districts (in descending order) – (1) Jaunpur (1024) (2) Azamgarh (1019) (3) Deoria (1017)
  • Lowest Sex Ratio Districts (in ascending order) – (1) Gautam Buddha Nagar (851) (2) Hamirpur and Baghpat (861) (3) Kanpur Nagar, Banda and Mathura (863)

Child Sex Ratio (2011)

  • Child Sex Ratio of Uttar Pradesh (0-6 Years Age Group) – 902 (In 2001 the child sex ratio was 916)
  • Highest and Lowest child sex ratio Districts in the state are respectively – Balrampur and Baghpat

Decadal Growth Rate

  • Average Decadal growth rate during 2001-11 – 20.23%
  • Average Annual Growth Rate during 2001-11 – 1.85%
  • Decline in Decadal growth during 2001-11 – 5.62%
  • Growth rates in males and females during 2001-11 respectively – 19.31% and 21.23%
  • Highest Decadal growth rate Districts – (1) Gautam Buddha Nagar (2) Ghaziabad (3) Shravasti
  • Lowest Decadal growth rate Districts – (1) Kanpur Nagar (2) Hamirpur (3) Baghpat

Scheduled Castes

  • Percentage of Scheduled Castes in the Total Population of Uttar Pradesh – 20.69%
  • State with highest number of Scheduled Castes in the country – Uttar Pradesh (16.6%)
  • Highest Scheduled Caste Population District – Sitapur
  • Lowest Scheduled Caste Population District – Baghpat

Scheduled Tribes

  • Percentage of Scheduled Tribes in the Total Population of Uttar Pradesh – 0.6%
  • District With Highest ST Population – Sonbhadra
  • District with lowest ST population – Baghpat
  • Districts devoid of Scheduled Tribes in the state – Ayodhya and Jalaun

Slum Census

  • The place of Uttar Pradesh in the total slum population of the country – Fourth
  • The slum population in the total population of the country in the 2011 census is – 9.5%
  • Districts with highest slum population in the state (in descending order) – Meerut, Agra, Kanpur Nagar
  • Percentage of slum population in the total population of the state – 3.12%

Religion – Census

  • Religious Population (In Decreasing Order) – Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Christian, Jain, Buddhist
  • Percentage of minorities in the total population of the state – 20.30%
  • Religious communities with highest and lowest sex ratio respectively – Christians (950) and Sikhs (885)

Cultural Diversity in Uttar Pradesh

  • Beginning of modern painting in Uttar Pradesh – from the 20th century
  • Birth place of Amir Khusrau – Patiyali (Kasganj)
  • Inventor of Tabla and Sitar – Amir Khusrau
  • Bada Khayal Promoters – Sultan Hussain Sharqi (Jaunpur)
  • The golden age of the Lucknow gharana from music – Nawab Wajid Ali Shah's period
  • Bismillah Khan and Mumtaz Khan are shehnai players – of the Banaras Gharana
  • Bindadin, Kodau Singh, Khurshed Ali Khan, Shambhu Maharaj, Birju Maharaj are related to – From Lucknow Gharana
  • Choti Maina, Badi Maina, Rasoolanbai, Saraswati Devi, Vidyadhari ki Devi, Moti Kesar etc. are the thumri– tappa singers – Banaras Gharana
  • Jhula, Hori, Phag, Languria and Rasia folk songs are related to – from Braj region
  • There is a special area of Sanskar Geet, Sohar, Natka and Qawwali. – Awadh region
  • The only classical dance form of Uttar Pradesh is – Kathak
  • Known as the father of Kathak dance – Thakur Prasad
  • The dance performed by the Kahars of Jaunpur is – Chaurasia Dance
  • Famous Gharanas for Kathak are – Lucknow and Varanasi
  • Folk theatre (drama) in Uttar Pradesh – Ramlila, Rasleela and Nautanki
  • Kalinjar Fort is located in Uttar Pradesh – Banda
  • Ganga Mahotsava (Ganga Dussehra) – Varanasi and Prayagraj
  • There are three monuments of the state included in the World Heritage – Fatehpur Sikri, Agra Fort and Taj Mahal
  • The main center of Muslim education during the Mughal period was – Agra
  • The region of Kannauj language is – Kannauj, Farrukhabad, Shahjahanpur, Pilibhit, Kanpur Nagar, Etawah, Auraiya, Kanpur Dehat
  • Major tourist places located in Fatehpur Sikri (Agra) – Buland Darwaza, Birbal Mahal, Salim Chishti's Dargah, Jodha Bai Mahal, Jama Masjid, Diwan I– Khas, Panchmahal, Mariam Mahal etc.
  • Tulsi Memorial, Tulsi Birthplace – Rajapur (Chitrakoot)
  • Tomb of Sufi Saint Haji Waris Ali Shah – Deva Sharif (Barabanki)
  • There are Dashavatar temples (Gupta period) of Devgarh and 31 Jain temples, Matatila, Rajghat dam. – Lalitpur
  • Shringi Rishi Temple is located at – Shringirampur (Farrukhabad)
  • Nizamuddin Auliya was born in – Badaun
  • Among the Navratnas of Akbar belong to Uttar Pradesh – Raja Todarmal

Education

  • Establishment of State Council of Educational Research and Training – 1981 (Lucknow)
  • Establishment of Uttar Pradesh Secondary Education Service Selection Board – 1982 (Prayagraj)
  • School Chalo Campaign started for primary education – 2001
  • Establishment of Uttar Pradesh State Council of Higher Education – 1995
  • Saakshar Bharat Program/Mission was started in – 2009
  • Total Central Universities in the State – 6 (4 General + 1 Agriculture + 1 Aviation)
  • Oldest university in the state – Prayagraj University, Prayagraj (1887)

Major Medical Colleges of Uttar Pradesh

  • Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College – Meerut
  • Maharani Laxmibai Medical College – Jhansi
  • Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial Medical College – Kanpur
  • Sarojini Naidu Medical College – Agra
  • Baba Raghav Das Medical College – Gorakhpur
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College – Aligarh
  • Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj (King George's) Medical University – Lucknow

Economy

  • SEZs in Uttar Pradesh – Eastern Economic Zone (28 districts), Western Economic Zone (30 districts), Central Economic Zone (10 districts), Bundelkhand Economic Zone (7 districts)
  • The most developed area of the state from the point of view of industrial development – Western Sector
  • Least developed area in terms of industrial development – Bundelkhand
  • The most employable industry in the state after agriculture – Handloom Cottage Industry
  • UP Handicraft Promotion Policy Implemented – 2014
  • Sporting Goods – Agra and Meerut
  • Carpets and Rugs industry is developed – Bhadohi, Mirzapur, Agra, Varanasi
  • Council of Science & Technology, Uttar Pradesh was formed – 1975
  • Uttar Pradesh Khadi and Village Industries Board was formed – 1960
  • The first sugar mill of India and Uttar Pradesh was established in 1903 – Pratappur (Deoria)
  • Chief Minister Yuva Swarozgar Yojana launched – 2017
  • 'Kisan Samridhi Commission' was formed in the state – 2017
  • Mukhya Mantri Kanya Sumangala Yojana launched – 25 October 2019
Major Places of Interest
Place/Site District
Taj Mahal Agra
Sant Kabir Nirvana Sthal Maghar (Saint Kabir Nagar)
Vrindavan Temples Mathura
Mathakur Buddha Statue Kushinagar
Khanqah Rashidiya Mainpuri
Dashavatara Temple Deogarh (Lalitpur)
God's Varaha temple Soron (Kasganj)
Haridev Ji Temple Mathura
Rumi Darwaza Lucknow
Radharani Ladliji Temple Mathura
Gola GokaranNath Temple Lakhimpur Kheri
Bhitargaon Gupta Temple Kanpur
Chakratirth Naimisharanya Sitapur
Bharadwaj Ashram and Akshayvat Prayagraj
Anand Bhavan Prayagraj
Shakambari Devi Temple Saharanpur
Kadakshah Baba's tomb Kaushambi
Danteerth (Hastinapur) Meerut
Bavani Imli Sahid Sthal Fatehpur
Jharkhandeshwar Temple Hapur
Fansi Imli Memorial Prayagraj
Vyas Tila and Narsingh Tila Jalaun
Chhavani Shahid Sthal Basti
Vindhyavasini Temple Mirzapur
Kanak Bhawan Ayodhya
Lodheshwar Temple Barabanki
Saptamatrika Sculptures Kannauj
Bhrigu Temple Ballia
J.K. Temple Kanpur Kanpur
Mughal Ghat Farrukhabad
Digambar Jain Idols (obtained from Asai Fort) Etawah
Aughadnath Temple Meerut
Shukl Talab Kanpur Dehat
Jayasi Memorial Raebareli
Gorakhnath Temple Gorakhpur
Ashfaq Ullah's tomb Shahjahanpur
Buddhist stupa Kushinagar and Piprahwa (Siddharthnagar)
Mr. Dauji Maharaj Hathras
Baba Somnath Ji Temple Deoria
China temple Shravasti
Kamadgiri Mountain Chitrakoot
Rani Mahal Jhansi
Kalinjar Fort Banda
Makarbai Temple Mahoba
Raza Library Rampur
Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti Fatehpur Sikri (Agra)
Shibli Academy Azamgarh
Imambara and Chhatar Manzil Lucknow
Devipatan (Pateswari Devi) Temple Balrampur
Lal Darwaza Mosque Jaunpur
Arga Parvati Temple Gonda
Haji Waris Ali's Mazar (Deva Sharif) Barabanki
Renukeshwar Mahadev Temple Sonbhadra
Dargah of Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud Bahraich
Sitakund Ghat Sultanpur
KapilMuni Ashram, Rameshwardham Temple and Bhedakund Farrukhabad
Sita Samahit Sthal (Sitamarhi) Bhadohi (Sant Ravidas Nagar)
Maharshi Dadhichi Ashram Sitapur
Chaurasi Gumbad Kalpi (Jalaun)
Kshemkali Devi Temple, Padmavati Sati Temple, Jaichand Fort and Haji Sharif Dargah Kannauj
Belha Devi Temple Pratapgarh
Bharatkund Ayodhya
Ejaz Ali Hall Bijnor
Dargah of Syed Mahmud Shah Ashraf Jahangir Ambedkar Nagar
Ancient Shiva Temple of Shukratal Muzaffarnagar
Dargah of Syed Shah Abdul Razzaq Barabanki
Dhanapur Martyrs Memorial Chandauli
Maharishi Durvasa Ashram Prayagraj
Lord Cornwallis Tomb Ghazipur
Lodheshwar Mandir Barabanki
Shri Sanatan Dharma Mandir GautamBuddha Nagar
Salamat Shah's tomb Barabanki
Devkali Temple Auraiya
Rajarajeshwari Srividya Mandir Unnao
Victoria Hall Belfry Hardoi
Dauji Temple Mathura
Yagyashala Baghpat
Tulsi Memorial Banda

Uttar Pradesh: Names of Cities and Districts
City Name Sub-Name
Saharanpur city of wood carving
Pilibhit Mini Punjab
Chitrakoot Vanvas Nagar, Mandarachal
Deoria Devaranya, Devpuria
Muzaffarnagar Sarwat Nagar
Shahjahanpur Carpet Industry Industry
Fatehpur Battlefield City
Azamgarh Kaifi Azmi Nagar
Rampur City of Nawab,City of Knives
Lakhimpur Kheri Laxmipur
Pratapgarh Amla Nagari, Bela Bhavani Nagar, The Citadel of the Kings
Mau Maunath Bhanjan
Moradabad Brass City, Pottery City
Sitapur Naimisharanya Nagar
Kaushambi Primate city
Ballia Baaghi Zila
Lucknow City of Nawabs, City of Gardens, City of Mangoes, City of Nazakat-Nafsat
Hardoi Haridrohi Nagar
Prayagraj Sangam city, Kumbh city, Tirtharaj, Guava city
Jaunpur Shiraz-e-Hind
Amroha Jyotiba Phule Nagar
Unnao Chandrashekhar Azad Nagar
Bijnor Katehar kshetra
Ghazipur Sister of Kashi
Meerut Revolution city, Scissors city
Badaun Nizamuddin Auliya Nagar
Ayodhya City of God, Saket Dham, Ramnagar, Ram Janmabhoomi
Chandauli Rice Bowl
Baghpat Land of the Tiger
Kannauj Perfume City, City of Fragrances, Kanyakubj Nagar
Ghaziabad Mini Delhi, Industry City
Varanasi Vishwanath Nagari, Mukti Nagar, City of Ghats
Sultanpur Kuspura
Amethi Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj Nagar
Mathura The city of Krishna, the city of Peda, the city of pandas
Bhadohi Sant Ravidas Nagar, Carpet City
Bahraich Syed Masood Ghazi Nagar, Rishi Bhoomi
Etawah Chambal City
Bulandshahr Ahar zone
Sonbhadra Energy Capital of India
Shravasti Sahet–Mahet Nagar
Auraiya A Land Of Diversity
Aligarh The Lock City of India
Kasganj Kanshiram Nagar
Balrampur Devipatan, Shaktipeeth
Kanpur Dehat Ramabai Nagar
Hathras Mahamaya Nagar
Kanpur Nagar Manchester of North India,Leather City, Industry City
Gonda Jaiprakash Nagar
Mirzapur Mahatrikon Nagar, Rameshwar
Gautam Buddha Nagar Noida, Greater Noida
Jalaun Panchnanda Nagar
Siddharth Nagar Buddha city
Shamli Prabuddh Nagar
Agra Taj Nagari, Petha Nagari
Jhansi City of Bundela
Basti Vashishti Nagar
Hapur Panchsheel Nagar, Mini Jallianwala Bagh
Firozabad Bangle city, Suhag nagri
Lalitpur Deogarh Nagar
Sant Kabir Nagar Khalilabad
Sambhal Bhimnagar
Mainpuri Kapoori Nagar
Hamirpur Jejakabhukti Region
Maharajganj Karapath Nagar
Etah Shukar kshetra Varaha Nagar
Barabanki The Gateway of Purvanchal, Deva Nagar
Mahoba Mahotsav Nagar
Gorakhpur Gorakhdham, Nath Nagar, Geeta Press Nagar
Farrukhabad Panchal Nagar
Bareilly Bans Bareilly, Surma Nagari
Banda Bundelkhand
Kushinagar Mahaparinirvana Nagar
Ambedkar Nagar Seehmai Karirat Nagar

Major Cities Situated on the Banks of Rivers in Uttar Pradesh
River Major Cities
Ganga Kanpur, Varanasi, Garhmukteshwar, Farrukhabad, Kannauj, Mirzapur, Ghazipur, Budaun, Bithoor
Yamuna Mathura, Agra, Etawah, Kalpi, Bateshwar, Kaushambi, Hamirpur
Gomati Lucknow, Jaunpur, Pilibhit, Shahjahanpur, Sitapur, Lakhimpur Kheri, Sultanpur
Rapti Gorakhpur, Deoria, Balrampur, Siddharth Nagar, Sant Kabir Nagar
Ramganga Bareilly, Shahjahanpur, Moradabad, Budaun, Hardoi
Sarayu Ayodhya
Hindon Saharanpur, Ghaziabad, Meerut
Sai Pratapgarh, Jaunpur
Sone Sonbhadra

Districts with Maximum Forest Area
District Area (Sq. KM.)
Sonbhadra 2540.29
Lakhimpur Kheri 1273.06
Mirzapur 803.73
Pilibhit 687.11

Districts with Minimum Forest Area
District Area (Sq. KM.)
Sant Ravidas Nagar (Bhadohi) 3.12
Mau 11.00
Mainpuri 13.64
Sant Kabir Nagar 14.00
Deoria 15.21

Districts With Highest Forest Percentage
District Geographical (Total area)
Sonbhadra 36.79
Chandauli 22.25
Pilibhit 18.64
Mirzapur 18.25

Districts with Minimum Forest Percentage
District Geographical (Total area)
Sant Ravidas Nagar (Bhadohi) 0.31
Mainpuri 0.49
Deoria 0.60
Budaun 0.62

Wildlife Sanctuaries
S.No. Wildlife Sanctuaries Established Area (sq.km./ha) District
1. Chandraprabha Wildlife Sanctuary 1957 78 sq.km Chandauli
2. Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary 1972 227 sq.km. Lakhimpur Kheri and Shahjahanpur
3. Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary 1976 400 sq.km. Bahraich
4. Ranipur Wildlife Sanctuary 1977 230.31 sq.km. Banda and Chitrakoot
5. Mahavir Swami Wildlife Sanctuary 1977 5.41 sq.km. Lalitpur
6. National Chambal Sanctuary 1979 635 sq.km. Agra, Etawah
7. Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary 1982 501 sq.km. Mirzapur, Sonbhadra
8. Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary 1986 2073 sq.km. Muzaffarnagar, Meerut, Bijnor, Hapur, Amroha, Moradabad, Ghaziabad
9. Sohagi Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary 1987 428 sq.km. Maharajganj
10. Suheldev Wildlife Sanctuary 1988 452 sq.km. Shravasti,Gonda, Balrampur
11. Turtle (Kachhua) Wildlife Sanctuary 1989 7 sq.km. Varanasi

Ramsar Site in Uttar Pradesh
Site District
Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary Unnao
Parvati Aranga Bird Sanctuary Gonda
Saman Bird Sanctuary Mainpuri
Samaspur Bird Sanctuary Raebareli
Sandi Bird Sanctuary Hardoi
Sarsai Nawar Lake Etawah
Upper Ganga River (Brijghat to Narora Stretch)
Soor Sarovar (Keetham lake) Agra

Road Network Status
Route Classification 31.3.2017 31.3.2018 Current Status
National Highway (Km.) 7633 10981 11384
State Highway (Km.) 7202 6810 6859
Major District Roads (Km.) 7486 7277 7388
Other District Roads (Km.) 47576 49037 49138
Rural Road (Km.) 169051 168694 175437
Total 238948 242799 250206

New Expressways in Uttar Pradesh
Name Route Length District
Ganga Expressway Meerut to Prayagraj 594 kms. (6 lanes) Meerut, Amroha, Bulandshahr, Budaun, Shahjahanpur, Farrukhabad, Hardoi, Kannauj, Unnao, Rae Bareli, Pratapgarh, Prayagraj
Purvanchal Expressway Lucknow (Chand Sarai) to Ghazipur (Haidaria Village) 340.824 kms. (6 lanes) Lucknow, Barabanki, Amethi, Sultanpur, Ayodhya, Ambedkar Nagar, Azamgarh, Mau, Ghazipur
Bundelkhand Expressway Chitrakoot to Etawah (on Agra-Lucknow Expressway) 296.07 kms (4 lanes) Chitrakoot, Banda, Mahoba, Hamirpur, Jalaun, Auraiya, Etawah

Major Airports of Uttar Pradesh
Airports City
Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport (Amausi Airport) Lucknow
Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport (Babatpur Airport) Varanasi
Chakeri Airport Kanpur
Bamrauli Airport Prayagraj
Kheria Agra
Hindon Air Force Station Ghaziabad
Sarsawa Air Force Station Saharanpur
Jhansi Airport Jhansi
Taj (Jewar) International Airport – Proposed Greater Noida (Gautam Buddha Nagar)
Kalyanpur Airport Kanpur
Bareilly Airport Bareilly
Gorakhpur Airport Gorakhpur
Rae Bareli (Fursatganj) Airport Rae Bareli
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Airport Meerut

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