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State PCS

State PCS


Jharkhand Public Service Commission (JPSC) GK

  • 09 Aug 2021
  • 13 min read


Formation 15 November, 2000
Capital Ranchi
Population 3,29,88,134
Area 79,710 Sq. km.
Total District 24
High Court Ranchi

State Symbol
State Animal:
State Flower:
State Bird:
Koel or Cuckoo
State Tree:
Main folk art of Santhal tribe:
Tribal Festival:

Jharkhand : General Introduction

Jharkhand : At a Glance
Official name of the state Jharkhand
Established 15 November, 2000
Foundation Day 15 November
Capital Ranchi
Sub-Capital Dumka
High Court Ranchi
Official Language Hindi
Second Official Language Urdu
Other Languages Santhali, Bangla, Mundari, Kudukh, Ho, Nagpuria, Khortha, Panchpargania

State Symbol
State Animal Elephant (Scientific Name: Elephas Maximus Indicus)
State Bird Koel (Scientific Name: Eudynamys Scolopaceus)
State Tree Sal (Scientific Name: Shorea robusta)
State Flower Plash (Scientific Name: Butea monosperma)
Emblem of the State Jharkhand's new emblem has a circular shape, indicating a symbol of development

Geographical and Administrative Introduction
Geographical Location The north-east part of India
Latitudinal Extension 21º 58' N to 25º 18' N
Longitudinal Extension 83º 22' E to 87º 57'' E
Geometric shape of the state Quadrilateral
State's share in the total geographical area of India 2.42 Percentage
State Length (North to South) 380 Km.
State Width (East to West) 463 Km.
Number of states adjoining the state 5 (Bihar, Odisha, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh)
Number of Districts in the State 24
Districts of Jharkhand adjoining Bihar 10 (Sahibganj, Godda, Dumka, Deoghar, Giridih, Koderma, Hazaribagh, Chatra, Palamu, Garhwa)
Districts of Jharkhand adjoining Uttar Pradesh 1 (Garhwa)
Districts of Jharkhand adjoining Chhattisgarh 4 (Garhwa, Latehar, Gumla, Simdega)
Districts of Jharkhand adjoining Odisha 4 (Simdega, West Singhbhum, Seraikela-Kharsawan, East Singhbhum)
Districts of Jharkhand adjoining West Bengal 10 (East Singhbhum, Seraikela-Kharsawan, Ranchi, Ramgarh, Bokaro, Dhanbad, Jamtara, Dumka, Pakur, Sahibganj)
The westernmost district of the state Garhwa
The northernmost district of the state Sahibganj
The southernmost district of the state West Singhbhum
State's position in the country in terms of area 15th
Number of Divisions 05 (North Chotanagpur, South Chotanagpur, Santhal Parganas, Palamu, Kolhan)
Largest Divisions (Area) North Chotanagpur
Smallest Divisions (Area) Palamu
Largest District (Area) West Singhbhum
Smallest District (Area) Ramgarh
State's Climate Monsoon (Tropical Monsoon)
Average Annual Rainfall 140 cm.
Major Crop Paddy
Maximum Temperature 38ºC (90ºF)
Minimum Temperature 10ºC (50ºF)
Total Forest Area 23,553 Sq. Km. (29.55%)
Total Subdivisions 43
Total Blocks 260
Total Municipal Corporations 5 (Ranchi, Dhanbad, Deoghar, Chas and Jamshedpur)
Total District Councils 24
Number of members of district councils 445
Total Panchayat 4,423
Number of landlocked districts (not adjacent to another state) (2) Lohardaga, Khunti
Number of districts adjoining two states (5) Sahibganj, Dumka, (Bihar and West Bengal), Simdega (Chhattisgarh and Odisha), Seraikela-Kharsawan, East Singhbhum (Odisha and West Bengal)
Number of districts adjoining three states (1) Garhwa (Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh)
Total Length of National Highways 3,184 Km.
Total Length of State Highways 6,880 Km.
Number of Universities and Equivalent Institutions 12
Number of Medical Colleges 06
Number of Central Universities 01
Number of Engineering Colleges 04
Number of Model Schools in the State 11

Political Introduction of Jharkhand
State legislature Unicameral (assembly)
Total number of members in the Legislative Assembly 82
Number of elected members in the Legislative Assembly 81
Nominated members of the Legislative Assembly 01
Number of seats reserved for Scheduled Tribes in the Legislative Assembly 28
Number of seats reserved for Scheduled Castes in the Legislative Assembly 09
Number of unreserved seats in the assembly 44
Number of Members in Lok Sabha 14
Number of members in Rajya Sabha 06
Number of seats reserved for Scheduled Tribes in Lok Sabha 05
Number of seats reserved for Scheduled Castes in Lok Sabha 01
Number of unreserved seats in Lok Sabha 08
Largest parliamentary constituency West Singhbhum
Smallest parliamentary constituency Chatra
Number of valid STs 32
Number of primitive tribes 08

Jharkhand Census-2011
Total population 3,29,88,134
Male population 1,69,30,315
Female population 1,60,57,819
Share of males in the total population 51.32%
Share of women in total population 48.68%
Percentage of population aged 0–6 in the population 16.33%
Scheduled tribes population 86,45,042
Scheduled tribes population (in Percentage) 26.2%
Scheduled castes population 39,85,644
Scheduled castes population (in Percentage) 12.8%
Growth rate of population in the decade 2001–2011 22.4%
District with the highest population growth rate in the decade 2001–2011 Koderma (43.42%)
District with lowest population growth rate in the decade 2001–2011 Dhanbad (11.99%)
First five districts with highest decadal population growth rate Koderma, Chatra, Latehar, Giridih, Pakur
First five districts with lowest decadal population growth rate Dhanbad, Ramgarh, East Singhbhum, Bokaro, Simdega
Total literacy rate of Jharkhand 66.41%
Male literacy rate 76.84%
Female literacy rate 53.56%
District with highest literacy rate Ranchi (76.06%)
District with lowest literacy rate Pakur (48.82%)
First five districts with highest literacy rate Ranchi, East Singhbhum, Dhanbad, Ramgarh, Bokaro
First five districts with lowest literacy rate Pakur, Sahibganj, Godda, P. Singhbhum, Latehar
District with highest male literacy rate Ranchi (84.26%)
5 districts with highest male literacy rate Ranchi, Dhanbad, East Singhbhum, Bokaro, Ramgarh
5 districts with lowest male literacy rate Pakur, Sahibganj, Godda, Chatra, Latehar
District with highest female literacy rate Ranchi (67.44%)
District with lowest female literacy rate Pakur (40.25%)
First five districts with highest female literacy rate Ranchi, East Singhbhum, Dhanbad, Ramgarh, Bokaro
First five districts with lowest female literacy rate Pakur, Sahibganj, Godda, West Singhbhum, Garhwa
Sex ratio 948 (females per 1000 men)
District with highest sex ratio West Singhbhum
District with lowest sex ratio Dhanbad
First five districts with highest sex ratio West Singhbhum, Simdega, Khunti, Gumla, Pakur
First five districts with lowest sex ratio Dhanbad, Ramgarh, Bokaro, Deoghar, Palamu
Rural population 2,50,55,073
Urban population 79,33,061
Percentage of rural population to total population 75.95%
Percentage of urban population to total population 24.05%
The share of Jharkhand in the total population of the country 2.72%
Jharkhand's place in the country in terms of population 14th
Largest administrative division in terms of population North Chotanagpur
Smallest division in terms of population Palamu
Largest district in terms of population Ranchi
Smallest district in terms of population Lohardaga
First five districts with highest population Ranchi, Dhanbad, Giridih, East Singhbhum, Bokaro
First five districts with minimum population Lohardaga, Khunti Simdega, Koderma, Latehar
Population density 414 person/sq.km.
Jharkhand's rank among Indian states in terms of population density 14th
District with highest population density Dhanbad
District with lowest population density simdega
First five districts with highest population density Dhanbad, Bokaro, Ramgarh, East Singhbhum, Deoghar
First five districts with lowest population density Simdega, Latehar, Gumla, West Singhbhum, Khunti

First in State
First Governor Prabhat Kumar
First Female Governor Draupadi Murmu
First Chief Justice Justice Vinod Kumar Gupta
First Female Chief Justice Justice Gyan Sudha Mishra
First Legislative Assembly Speaker Indar singh Namdari
First Legislative Assembly Deputy Speaker Bagun Sumbrai
First Chief Minister Babulaal Marandi
First Non-Tribal Chief Minister Raghuvir Das
First Independent Chief Minister Madhu Koda
First Woman Cabinet Minister Joba Manjhi
First Chief Secretary Vijayshankar Dubey
First Leader of Opposition Stephen Marandi
First Director General of Police Shivaji Mahan Kaire
First Solicitor General Mangalmay Banarjee
First Lokayukta Justice Laxman Oraon
First Nominated Assembly Member Joseph Pecheli Golsten
First Ashoka Chakra recipient Randheer Verma
First Paramveer Chakra recipient Albert Ekka
First International Tribal Women Hockey Player in the State Savitri purti
First University of State Ranchi University, Ranchi
First Medical College of State Rajendra Medical College, Ranchi
First College of State Saint Kolamba College, Hazaribagh
First Chairman of JPSC Phatik Chandra Hembrum
The First Chairperson of the Women's Commission of State Laxmi singh
First Indian Cricket Captain from State Mahendra Singh Dhoni
First Steel Plant of State Jamshedpur
The Captain of the State's Hockey team Participating in the Olympics Jaipal singh Munda
The First Industrialist of the State who received the Bharat Ratna J.R.D. Tata
First Tribal Revolution Dhal Revol (year 1767–77)
Tallest Waterfall in the State Budha Ghag waterfall (Lodh Falls), Latehar
Largest River Valley Project in the State Damodar River Valley Project
Largest Airport in the State Birsa Munda Airport, Ranchi
Highest Peak in the State Parasnath
Hottest Water Body of State Suryamund (Hazaribagh)
State's Nearest District by Sea East Singhbhum
Longest River of State Damodar
First Ayurveda college of state Government Ayurveda College, Lohardaga
First Hindi Daily Newspaper in the State Rashtriya Bhasha
First Hindi Monthly Magazine in the State Gharbandhu
First English Daily in the State Daily Prem
State's First Film Akrant
State's first Nagpuri Film Sona kar Nagpur
State's First Copper Factory Ghatshila
Coldest Place in the State Netarhat (Latehar)
State's Highest Rainfall Netarhat
State's Largest Forest (density) Saranda
State's First Power Station Tilaiya
The First Railway in the State From Rajmahal to Deen Dayal Upadhayay (Mughalsarai) junction
State River Freely Falling into the Sea Swarnrekha
Most Pilgrim City Deoghar
Cities with Population more than One Lakh in the State 10
No. of Metro Cities in the State 2 (Dhanbad, Jamshedpur)
Largest Tribe by Population Santhal
Most Developed Tribe of Jharkhand Oraon
Oldest Tribe of Jharkhand Asur
The First Festival of the Tribes of Jharkhand Sarhul
State's Most Forested District (area) West Singhbhum (3,914 sq. Km.)
Most Forested District in the state in terms of Percentage Chatra (47.70%)
Most Scheduled Tribe District of the State Ranchi
Most Scheduled Tribe Division of the State Santhal Pargana
Script of Santali Language Ol Chiki script
Establishment of Tata Iron and Steel Company In 1907
Project Tiger set up in Palamu In 1973
The District with the Highest Number of Waterfalls in the State Ranchi
The First Railway Line Built by Mining in the Plateau Areas of the State Jamshedpur to Howrah RailLine
Famous as Queen of Hills in the State Netarhat (Chhotanagpur)
Steel City of State Tatanagar
Establishment of First Cement Industry in the State In Japla
State Mining Higher Education Center Indian school of mines
Aviation and Gliding Club in the State Jamshedpur
Biggest Museum Ranchi
Biggest Zoo Bokaro

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