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State PCS

State PCS

Bihar

Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC) GK

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  • 09 Aug 2021
  • 7 min read

BIHAR GK

Formation March 22, 1912
Capital Patna
Population 10,40,99,452
Area 94,163 sq. km.
Total Districts 38
High Court Patna

State Symbol
State Animal:
Bull
State Flower:
Marigold
State Bird:
Sparrow
Main painting:
Madhubani
State Tree:
Peepal
Main Festival:
Chhath Puja

Bihar : General Information

  • State name – Bihar, it is believed that due to the abundance of Buddhist monasteries (viharas) in the region, This region was named Bihar. It is noteworthy that in ancient times this area was a major center of Buddhism.
  • Statehood Day (Bihar Diwas) – March 22, 1912
  • State capital – Patna (In ancient times Pataliputra, Pushppur, Kusumpur and Azimabad have been other names.)
  • Geographical location of the state – 24°20'10" to 27°31'15" North Latitude and between 83°19'50" to 88°17'40" East Longitude.
  • The area of ​​the state is – 94,163 sq. km. (13th largest state in the country)
  • Length from North to South – 345 km.
  • Length from East to West – 483 km.
  • States bordering the state – 3 [West Bengal (East), Uttar Pradesh (West) and Jharkhand (South)]
  • The country bordering the state – Nepal (in the north)
  • Total geographical area (all over India) – 2.86%
  • Districts bordering Nepal – 7 [West Champaran, East Champaran, Sitamarhi Madhubani, Supaul, Araria and Kishanganj]
  • District bordering Uttar Pradesh – 8 [(Rohtas, Kaimur, Buxar, Bhojpur, Saran, Siwan) Gopalganj and West Champaran]
  • Districts bordering West Bengal – 3 [Kishanganj, Purnia and Katihar]
  • Districts bordering Jharkhand – 8 [Bhagalpur, Banka, Jamui, Nawada, Gaya, Aurangabad, Rohtas and Katihar]
  • District adjoining Bihar's capital Patna – 9[Arwal, Jehanabad, Nalanda, Lakhisarai, Begusarai, Samastipur, Vaishali, Saran, Bhojpur]
  • Largest district in terms of area – West Champaran
  • Smallest district in terms of area – Sheohar
  • Northernmost District – West Champaran
  • Southernmost district – Gaya
  • Western most district – Kaimur
  • Easternmost District – Kishanganj
  • State Climate – Monsoon
  • Normal rainfall – 1,205 mm
  • Highest rainfall district – Kishanganj
  • The districts with minimum rainfall – Kaimur, Rohtas, Aurangabad and Gaya.
  • Hottest place – Gaya
  • The average distance from the beach is – 200 km.
  • The average height above sea level is – 173 feet (about 53 m).
  • Total Population of the State (Census– 2011) – 10,40,99,452 (3rd place in the country)
  • Male – 5,42,78,157 in the total population of the state
  • Female – 4,98,21,295 in the total population of the state
  • Percentage share of total population of India – 8.60% In terms of total population, the third place in the country (first – Uttar Pradesh, while the second – Maharashtra)
  • Decade growth in population (2001–2011) – 25.42% (6th rank in the country)
  • Population Density (person/sq.km.) – 1,106 (1st in the country, Census– 2011)
  • Most Populated District – Patna (58,38,465)
  • District with minimum population – Sheikhpura (6,36,342)
  • District with highest decadal growth rate of population – Madhepura (31.12%)
  • District with lowest decadal growth rate of population – Gopalganj (19.02%)
  • District with highest population density – Sheohar (1880 persons/sq.km.)
  • District with minimum population density – Kaimur (Bhabua) (488 persons/sq.km.)
  • Literacy rate (as per 2011, Census) – approximately 61.80% (71.20% male, 51.50% female)
  • District with highest per capita income – Patna
  • District with minimum per capita income – Sheohar (Madhepura in other source)
  • District with highest literacy rate – Rohtas (73.37%)
  • District with lowest literacy rate – Purnia (51.08%)
  • District with highest male literacy rate – Rohtas (82.88%)
  • District with lowest male literacy rate – Purnia (59.06%)
  • District with highest female literacy rate – Rohtas (62.97%)
  • District with lowest female literacy rate – Saharsa (41.68%)
  • Sex Ratio – 918
  • District with highest sex ratio – Gopalganj (1021)
  • District with lowest sex ratio – Munger (876)
  • Child Sex Ratio (0–6 Years) – 935
  • District with highest child sex ratio – Kishanganj (971)
  • District with lowest child sex ratio – Vaishali (904)
  • District with highest urban population – Patna (25,14,590)
  • District with minimum urban population – Sheohar (28,116)
  • Percentage of rural population to total population – 88.71%
  • Percentage of urban population to total population – 11.29%
  • Highest percentage of urban population – Patna (43.07%)
  • Minimum percentage of urban population – Samastipur (3.47%)
  • Scheduled Castes (SC) – 15.9% of the total population
  • District with Highest Scheduled Caste Population – Gaya (13,343,51)
  • District with highest percentage of SC population – Gaya (30.39%)
  • District with minimum scheduled caste population – Sheohar (96,655)
  • District with Minimum Scheduled Caste Population Percentage – Kishanganj (6.69%)
  • Scheduled Tribes (ST) of the total population – 1.3%
  • District with highest ST population – West Champaran (250046)
  • District with minimum ST population – Sheohar (318)
  • District with highest percentage of ST population – West Champaran (6.35%)
  • Districts with minimum percentage of ST population – Aurangabad, Khagaria and Samastipur.
  • No. of Administrative Divisions – 09 (Koshi, Darbhanga, Saran, Bhagalpur, Patna, Tirhut, Munger, Magadha and Purnia)
  • No. of Districts – 38
  • No. of Sub– Divisions – 101
  • Block No.– 534
  • No. of Panchayats – 8,406
  • No. of Police Stations – 853
  • No. of Revenue Villages – 45,103
  • Number of Lok Sabha Members – 40
  • No. of Rajya Sabha members – 16
  • Number of seats reserved for Scheduled Castes in Lok Sabha – 6
  • Legislature – Bicameral (upper house – Legislative council, Lower house – Assembly)
  • Number of Vidhan Sabha Members – 243
  • Number of Legislative Council Members – 75
  • State Symbol – Bodhi tree (located between two swastikas)
  • Official language – Hindi
  • Second official language – Urdu
  • State fish – Mangur
  • State anthem – Mere Bharat Ke Kanth har, Tum Ko Shat– Shat Vandan Bihar...
  • State Prayer – Meri raftaar pe suraj ki kiran naaz kare...
  • No. of Universities – 23
  • Folk dances – Kathghodwa, Chhau, Launda, Dhobia, Jhijhiya, Jharni, Karma and Domkach.
  • Major Forest Type – Deciduous
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