28 Jan 2023
GS Paper 1
Question 1: In modern-day Himalaya remains only a pseudo-defensive barrier. Do you agree with it? Illustrate your views.
Question 2: Based on the macro-variation discuss the physiographic features of India.
- Start answering with the introduction that Himalaya remains a pseudo defensive barrier.
- Explain the factors affecting the significance of Himalaya as a natural barrier.
- Write a holistic and appropriate conclusion.
- The Himalayas have historically served as a barrier between various regions and cultures, but in modern times, the ease of transportation and communication has greatly reduced their effectiveness as a defensive barrier.
- The development of modern transportation infrastructure such as roads, railways, and airports, it has become much easier for people and goods to cross the Himalayas.
- Advances in technology have enabled easy communication across the mountains, further diminishing their effectiveness as a barrier.
- However, the Himalayas are still a formidable natural barrier in terms of terrain and climate, making it difficult for military forces to pass through.
- The high altitude and harsh weather conditions make it challenging for troops to operate in these regions, which can slow down military operations.
- Additionally, the Himalayas have significant ecological and cultural value, and have protected these areas from overdevelopment and destruction.
- The mountain range is home to many endangered species and it is also an important source of freshwater for the people living in the region.
- The Himalayas are also home to many indigenous communities, whose way of life and culture have been preserved by the challenging terrain of the mountains.
- In recent years, China has made significant investments in transportation infrastructure in the Himalayas, including the construction of highways, railroads, and airports.
- The improved transportation infrastructure in the Himalayas by China not only facilitates trade and tourism but also raises serious defense concerns.
- The increased connectivity and accessibility of the region can also make it easier for military forces to move across the mountains, which could potentially lead to a greater likelihood of conflict.
The Himalayas may not serve as a traditional defensive barrier, they continue to be an important natural barrier and preserve important ecological and cultural resources. It is also important to note that the Himalayas are also a point of geopolitical tension for India and China, which have border disputes and territorial claims over the region.
- Start answering with the introduction of physiography.
- Explain the different physiographic features of India.
- Write a holistic and appropriate conclusion.
- Physiographic features refer to the natural landforms and topography of an area.
- These features include mountains, valleys, plateaus, rivers, lakes, and coastlines, among others. These features are determined by a combination of geologic processes and climate, and they can vary greatly from one region to another.
- The study of physiographic features is known as physiography.
- The Northern Mountains:
- The northern part of India is dominated by the Himalayan Mountain range, which is the highest and youngest mountain range in the world.
- The Himalayas are home to some of the highest peaks in the world, including Mount Everest, which is the highest peak in the world.
- The Himalayas also act as a barrier, blocking cold winds from the north and providing a stable climate for the northern regions of India.
- The Northern Plains:
- The northern plains of India are formed by the alluvial soil deposited by the major rivers such as the Ganges, Brahmaputra and the Indus.
- These rivers have created a flat and fertile region that is ideal for agriculture. The region is one of the most densely populated areas in the world.
- The Peninsular Plateau:
- The southern part of India is dominated by the Deccan Plateau, which is made up of igneous and metamorphic rocks.
- The plateau is characterized by a high level of variation in elevation, with steep escarpments and deep valleys.
- The plateau is also home to several hill ranges, including the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats.
- The Coastal Plains:
- India has a long coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal.
- The coastal plains are narrow and are characterized by sandy beaches, estuaries, lagoons and mangrove swamps.
- The region is rich in biodiversity and is home to a wide variety of plant and animal life.
- The Islands:
- India also includes several islands, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are located in the Bay of Bengal and the Lakshadweep islands in the Arabian sea.
- These islands are characterized by coral reefs, mangrove swamps and tropical rainforests.
India as a country in the India sub-continent, has all the climatic features ranging from polar ice caps of Himalayas to the sandy deserts of thar. The varied physiographical features of India bring a range of socio-economic and geographical uniqueness.