1. Locate the countries which were involved in military conflict over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh?
1 (a) Armenia and (b) Azerbaijan. Recently, Russia has brokered a new peace deal between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Both counties have been in a military conflict over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh in the South Caucasus. It has been part of Azerbaijan territory since the Soviet era and is being internationally recognised so but most of the region is controlled by Armenian separatists who have declared it a republic called the “Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast”.
2. Identify the city where Shahid Beheshti and Shahid Kalantari Ports are located?
Chabahar (Iran). Chabahar Port is located on the Gulf of Oman. The port serves as the only oceanic port of Iran and Chabahar city has got 2 ports – Shahid Beheshti Port and Shahid Kalantari Port. Shahid Kalantari Port is an old port having a draft of 7-8mts inviting mostly passenger vessels and small container feeder vessels. Shahid Beheshti Port has big development plans running into 4 phases. In December 2017, phase I of Chabahar Port was inaugurated.
3. Identify the country which has recently launched an unmanned spacecraft to bring back lunar rocks?
China. China has launched an unmanned spacecraft to bring back lunar rocks, the first attempt by any nation to retrieve samples from the Moon in four decades. The Chang’e-5 mission, named after the ancient Chinese goddess of the moon, will seek to collect lunar material to help scientists understand more about the moon’s origins and formation.
4. The ‘Tigray region’ which was recently seen in the news because of military operation is located in?
Ethiopia. The Tigray Region is the northernmost region of Ethiopia. The Ethiopian prime minister Abiy Ahmed has vowed to continue the military operation in the Tigray region amid concerns it could descend into civil conflict. After becoming Ethiopia’s Prime Minister in April 2018, Abiy Ahmed reached out to the political opposition, ushered democratic reforms, lifted curbs on the media and made peace with Eritrea - moves that won him the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019.
5. Identify the place from where the Jason Continuity of Service (Jason-CS) mission was launched recently?
California. Recently, Copernicus Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite was launched from the Vandenberg Air Force base in California aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket. Sentinel-6-Satellite is a part of the mission dedicated to measuring changes in the global sea level. The mission is called the Jason Continuity of Service (Jason-CS) mission.