1. Identify the state where an outbreak of Scrub Typhus bacterial disease took place in India?
Nagaland (Noklak District). An outbreak of Scrub Typhus (also known as Bush Typhus), a bacterial disease, has caused 5 deaths and 600 infections in Nagaland’s Noklak district bordering Myanmar. Scrub typhus, also known as bush typhus, is a disease caused by a bacteria called Orientia tsutsugamushi. Scrub typhus is spread to people through bites of infected chiggers (larval mites). The most common symptoms of scrub typhus include fever, headache, body aches, and sometimes rash.
2. Identify the lake in India where the government has recently decided to build temporary shelters for migratory birds?
Sambhar Lake (Rajasthan). Recently, the Rajasthan government has decided to build temporary shelters for migratory birds near the Sambhar Lake (near Jaipur) before 2020’s winter season. It is India's largest inland saline water body. It is surrounded on all sides by the Aravali hills. Sambhar has been designated as a Ramsar site (recognised wetland of international importance) because the wetland is a key wintering area for tens of thousands of flamingos and other migratory birds.
3. Identify the state where Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary is located?
Rajasthan (Udaipur District). A special drive to uproot the invasive Lantana bushes in the Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary in Rajasthan’s Udaipur district has been carried out along with the plantation of native species on the cleared patches of land. This has helped in ecological restoration of grasslands and saved biodiversity. It is a part of Sajjangarh Palace (also known as Monsoon Palace) built in 1884. The Palace derived its name from Maharana Sajjan Singh, one of the rulers of the Mewar dynasty.
4. In which state, the recently inaugurated longest highway tunnel in the world is located?
Himachal Pradesh. The Prime Minister has inaugurated the Atal Tunnel in Himachal Pradesh’s Rohtang, which connects Solang Valley near Manali to Sissu in Lahaul and Spiti district. The 9.02-km tunnel is the longest highway tunnel in the world above the height of 3,000 metres.
5. Identify the place which was alerted recently against a possible spread of the Congo fever?
Maharashtra (Palghar). The Palghar administration has asked authorities to remain alert against a possible spread of the Congo fever in the Maharashtra district. Congo fever was first discovered in Crimea in 1944 and was named Crimean hemorrhagic fever.