1. Identify the State where the Phayeng village has developed itself as India’s first carbon-positive settlement.
Manipur’s Phayeng village in Imphal West district has developed itself as India’s first carbon-positive settlement. A village is given the carbon-positive tag if it sequesters more carbon than it emits, slowing the accumulation of greenhouse gases and mitigating the effects of climate change. The transformation of the village from the dry and denuded village in the 1970s and 80s was funded under the National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC).
2. Identify the State where the Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary is located.
In Nagaland’s Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary, a forest guard has been awarded Earth Day Network Star, for the protection of forests and wild animals in and around Fakim sanctuary. The award is given by a U.S.-based international environment organisation that engages with green groups in 195 countries. The Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary was established in the year 1983, and it lies along the international border with Myanmar. Many wildlife animals such as leopards, tigers, wild buffaloes, hoolock gibbons and mithun are found, including the Hornbill.
3. Identify the State where the GRAPES-3 muon telescope facility is located.
In Tamil Nadu, the GRAPES-3 muon telescope facility is located in Ooty. For the first time in the world, researchers at the GRAPES-3 muon telescope facility in Ooty have measured the electrical potential, size and height of a thundercloud that passed overhead on December 1, 2014. At 1.3 gigavolts (GV), this cloud had 10 times higher potential than the previous record in a cloud. This is not because clouds with such high potentials are a rarity, but rather, because the methods of detection have not been successful so far.
4. Identify the State where the Ahmad Sar Lake is located.
In Gujarat, the Ahmad Sar Lake at Sarkhej Roza, Ahmedabad has dried. Several parts of Gujarat are facing severe water scarcity in the initial days of the summer season. Sarkhej Roza is a 15th-century complex comprising a mosque and a tomb of Saint Ahmed Khattu Baksh. Saint Ahmed Khattu Baksh was the spiritual advisor of the ruling dynasty of Gujarat during the 14th and early 15thcenturies.
5. Identify the State where, Rushikulya rookery, a mass nesting site for Olive Ridley turtles, is located.
Odisha’s Rushikulya rookery is a mass nesting site for Olive Ridley turtles. However, this year, even after waiting for almost a month, Olive Ridley turtles have not yet arrived here. The reasons are not fully understood yet. Climate could be a reason for delay.