1. Identify the State that has been in news for Niyamgiri hills and tribal group ‘Dongria Kondh’.
Odisha. The Dongria Kondh tribe live in Niyamgiri hill range of Odisha state. They derive their name from dongar, meaning ‘hill’ and worship the mountain god Niyam Raja. The tribal group Dongria Kondh shot into the limelight for their successful resistance against the Vedanta Group’s plan to mine bauxite in the ecologically and mineral-rich Niyamgiri hill range.
2. Identify the place where Aves Island is located.
Andaman & Nicobar. A Site Potential Development Report has been prepared for four islands in Andaman & Nicobar (A&N) namely Smith, Ross, Long and Aves Islands and five islands in Lakshadweep namely Minicoy, Bangaram, Thinnakara, Cheriyam and Suheli Islands by Ministry of Tourism. Tourism based projects have also been identified in Long, Aves, Smith and Neil Islands of A&N and Minicoy, Kadamat and Suheli Islands of Lakshadweep while according priority to air and sea connectivity and the construction of airport at Minicoy in Lakshadweep by the Indian Air Force.The Ministry of Tourism has also sanctioned a project for for Development of Coastal Circuit (Long Island-Ross Smith Island- Neil Island- Havelock Island- Baratang Island-Port Blair) in Andaman & Nicobar under the Coastal thematic circuit of Swadesh Darshan Scheme for development of island tourism in the country.
3. Identify this city which has been declared the cleanest city in India as per Swachh Survekshan 2019.
Indore, M.P. Under Swachh Survekshan 2019 Indore is India’s cleanest city for the third consecutive year, followed by Ambikapur (Chhattisgarh) and Mysuru (Karnataka) which are ranked second and third this year, respectively. Swachh Survekshan 2019 is a pan India cleanliness survey that covered a total of 4,237 towns and cities and was conducted between January 4 to 31.
4. Identify this place where AFINDEX19 is taking place.
Pune, Maharashtra. The Africa-India Field Training Exercise-2019 called AFINDEX-19 started at Aundh Military Station, Pune. India and contingents of the 17 African Nations i.e. Benin, Botswana, Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe are participating in the exercise. The aim of the exercise is to practice the participating nations in planning and conduct of Humanitarian Mine Assistance and Peacekeeping Operations.
5. Identify the State where Bannerghatta National Park is situated.
Karnataka. The Bannerghatta National Park is located near Bangalore in Karnataka. The Eco-Sensitive Zone (ESZ) Expert Committee of the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF), has recommended the reduction of nearly 100 sq. km in the ESZ of Bannerghatta National Park. ESZ provides a regulated buffer zone around protected areas. The fear is that this reduction would lead to more quarrying in the area. However, there is a Supreme Court ruling prohibiting quarrying and mining activities within 1km of protected areas irrespective of the ESZ distance.