1. The ‘Taal Volcano’ recently seen in the news is located in?
Philippines. Recently, the Philippines increased the alert level on Taal Volcano to level 3 on a five-level scale after a Phreatomagmatic Eruption (PE) occurred that generated a dark grayish plume, one kilometer high. The Philippines is situated at the boundaries of two tectonic plates - the Philippines Sea Plate and the Eurasian plate - thus susceptible to earthquakes and volcanism. Taal is one of the most active volcanoes in the Philippines due to its location on the Pacific "Ring of Fire" - a zone of intense seismic activity.
2. This "heat dome" phenomenon recently seen in the news was recorded in which country?
Canada. Recently, the Pacific Northwest and some parts of Canada recorded temperatures around 47 degrees, causing a "historic" heat wave. This is a result of a phenomenon referred to as a "heat dome". The phenomenon begins when there is a strong change (or gradient) in ocean temperatures. In the process known as convection, the gradient causes more warm air, heated by the ocean surface, to rise over the ocean surface.
3. Identify the city which was recently removed from UNESCO’s list of world heritage sites?
Liverpool, England. Recently, the city of Liverpool, England has been removed from UNESCO’s (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) list of world heritage sites. The port city was included in the prestigious list for its architectural beauty and in recognition of its role as one of the world’s most important ports during the 18th and 19th centuries. The city is only the third place to be removed from the prestigious list.
4. Locate the country which recently launched its biggest space laboratory named Nauka to the International Space Station (ISS)?
Russia. Recently, the Russian Space Agency Roscosmos, launched its biggest space laboratory named Nauka to the International Space Station (ISS).
5. Identify the mountain range which separates the marine west-coast climates of Europe from the Mediterranean areas of France, Italy, and the Balkan region?
Alp Mountain Range. Alps mountain ranges are young fold mountains with rugged relief and high conical peaks. The Alps extend north from the subtropical Mediterranean coast near Nice, France, to Lake Geneva before trending east-northeast to Vienna, Austria. There they touch the Danube River and meld with the adjacent plain. Because of their arclike shape, the Alps separate the marine west-coast climates of Europe from the Mediterranean areas of France, Italy, and the Balkan region.