1. Identify the site which was recently designated by UNESCO as the 40th world heritage site in India?
Dholavira (Gujarat). Recently, UNESCO has announced the Harappan city of Dholavira in Gujarat as India’s 40th world heritage site. It is the first site of Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) in India to be included on the coveted list. Dholavira is one of the most remarkable and well-preserved urban settlements in South Asia. It was discovered in 1968 by archaeologist Jagat Pati Joshi.
2. The ‘Ramappa Temple’, which has been inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage list recently, is located in?
Mulugu district (Telangana). Recently, Rudreswara Temple, (also known as the Ramappa Temple) at Mulugu district, Telangana has been inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage list. Ramappa Temple was proposed by the government as its only nomination for the UNESCO World Heritage site tag for the year 2019. The Rudreshwar temple was constructed in 1213 AD during the reign of the Kakatiya Empire by Recherla Rudra, a general of Kakatiya king Ganapati Deva.
3. Identify the lake which is the second-largest Ramsar site in India separated from the Arabian Sea by a narrow barrier island?
Vembanad Lake (Kerala). Vembanad Lake is also known as Vembanad Kayal, Vembanad Kol, Punnamada Lake (in Kuttanad) and Kochi Lake (in Kochi). Spanning several districts of Kerala and covering a territory of more than 2033.02 km2. The lake has its source in four rivers, Meenachil, Achankovil, Pampa and Manimala It is separated from the Arabian Sea by a narrow barrier island and is a popular backwater stretch in Kerala. In 2002, it was included in the list of wetlands of international importance, as defined by the Ramsar Convention. It is the second-largest Ramsar site in India only after the Sundarbans in West Bengal. The Government of India has identified the Vembanad wetland under the National Wetlands Conservation Programme.
4. The ‘Amagarh Fort’ recently seen in news, is located in?
Jaipur (Rajasthan). The present form of the Amagarh Fort was given in the 18th century by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, founder of Jaipur. It has always been believed that there was some construction at the place before Jai Singh II built the fort. Prior to Rajput rule by the Kachhwaha dynasty, Jaipur and its nearby regions were ruled by Meenas, who had political control. And as claimed by the Meena’s the fort was built by a Meena Sardar from the Nadla gotra, now known as Badgoti Meenas. Sardars from the Meena community ruled large parts of Rajasthan till around 1100 AD.
5. The recently inaugurated India’s first cryptogamic garden is located in?
Dehradun (Uttarakhand). Recently, India’s first cryptogamic garden was inaugurated in the Chakrata town of Dehradun, Uttarakhand. The garden will be housing nearly 50 species of lichens, ferns and fungi (collectively known as Cryptogamae). Plant kingdom can be divided into two sub-kingdoms viz. Cryptogams and phanerogams. Cryptogams consist of seedless plants and plant-like organisms whereas phanerogams consist of seed-bearing plants.