1. Identify the country with which India celebrates the 25th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations in 2018. The Prince of this country recently visited India.
Prince Alois of Liechtenstein called on the Indian President to mark the 25th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries. India and the Principality of Liechtenstein established diplomatic relations in 1993. The Ambassador of India to Switzerland is concurrently accredited as Ambassador of India to the Principality of Liechtenstein. Liechtenstein is one of India's important partner nations in fighting overseas tax abuse and black money.
2. Identify this Ancient City located on the edge of Libya’s Mediterranean coast, classified as an “endangered” world heritage site by UNESCO - due to damage caused by armed groups.
The ancient city of Sabratha is a world heritage site in Libya, classified as “endangered” by UNESCO. Sabratha is one of three former cities that constituted Roman Tripolitania (“Three Cities”). The others are Oea — modern-day Tripoli — and Leptis Magna in western Libya. The amphitheatre with its pink columns has become a key departure point for illegal migration into Europe. Also, the “entrenchment of armed groups inside it and the battles which have unfolded near it pose a permanent danger to it.
3. Identify the Central Asian Country which the Indian President recently visited. This country also hosted a high level global conference on “International Decade for Action: Water for Sustainable Development”.
The Indian President visited Tajikistan to strengthen India's ties with the Central Asian country. Relations between India and Tajikistan have traditionally been close and cordial. There has been a regular exchange of high level visits. Tajik President has visited India five times, his last visit being in December 2016. To facilitate the implementation of the International Decade for Action “Water for Sustainable Development”, 2018, the International High-Level Conference on the Water Action Decade was held in June 2018 in Dushanbe. The primary goal of the Conference was to raise awareness about the effective implementation of the water-related SDG and to discuss the implementation of activities of the Water Decade Action Plan, 2018-2028, at the global, regional and country levels.
4. Identify the Southeast Asian Country which was hit by a tsunami recently.
Indonesia was struck by a tsunami following a powerful earthquake which hit its island of Sulawesi. The earthquake appears to be the result of what's known as a strike-slip fault, which takes place as two blocks of the earth’s crust grind against one another, largely in a horizontal direction. However, tsunamis usually occur as a result of vertical movement in the crust, which disrupts the overlying water and can generate massive waves crashing onshore. Therefore, explaining the ensuing tsunami in Indonesia has come as a challenge to geologists.
5. Identify the Country where the World Economic Forum (WEF) has launched a Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0).
A Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0) by WEF has been set up in India. The centre would be based in Maharashtra. The centre would aim to bring together the government and business leaders to pilot emerging technology policies. NITI Aayog will coordinate the partnership on behalf of the government and among the multiple ministries. As part of the WEF’s global network, the new centre in India will work closely with project teams in San Francisco (USA), Tokyo (Japan) and Beijing (China), where such Centres are already present. The First Industrial Revolution used water and steam power to mechanize production. The Second used electric power to create mass production. The Third used electronics and information technology to automate production. Now a Fourth Industrial Revolution is taking place, characterized by a fusion of technologies that is blurring the lines between the physical, digital, and biological spheres.