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Mahakavi Subramania Bharati

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  • 13 Sep 2021
  • 3 min read

Why in News

Recently, the Vice-President paid tributes to Mahakavi Subramania Bharati on his 100th death centenary.

Key Points

  • Birth: 11th December 1882, in Ettayapuram, Madras Presidency.
  • Brief Profile: Indian writer of the nationalist period (1885-1920) who is regarded as the father of the modern Tamil style.
    • Also known as ‘Mahakavi Bharathiyar’.
    • His strong sense of social justice drove him to fight for self-determination.
  • Involvement during Nationalist Period:
    • After 1904, he joined the Tamil daily newspaper Swadesamitran.
    • In order to proclaim its revolutionary ardour, Bharathi had the weekly newspaper named ‘India’ printed in red paper.
      • It was the first paper in Tamil Nadu to publish political cartoons.
      • He also published and edited a few other journals like “Vijaya”.
    • Attended the annual sessions of INC and discussed national issues with extremist leaders like Bipin Chandra Pal, B.G. Tilak and V.V.S. Iyer.
      • His participation and activities in Benaras Session (1905) and Surat Session (1907) of the INC impressed many national leaders for his patriotic fervour.
    • Published the sensational “Sudesa Geethangal” in 1908.
    • Bharati’s reaction to the Russian Revolutions of 1917, in a poem entitled “Pudiya Russia” (“The New Russia”), offers a fascinating example of the poet’s political philosophy.
    • He was forced to flee to Pondicherry (now Puducherry), a French colony, where he lived in exile from 1910 to 1919.
    • During this time, Bharati’s nationalistic poems and essays were popular successes.
  • Important Works: Kaṇṇan pāṭṭu (1917; Songs to Krishna), Panchali sapatham (1912; Panchali’s Vow), Kuyil pāṭṭu (1912; Kuyil’s Song), Pudiya Russia and Gnanaratham (Chariot of Wisdom).
    • Many of his English works were collected in Agni and Other Poems and Translations and Essays and Other Prose Fragments (1937).
  • Death: 11th September 1921.
  • International Bharati Festival:
    • The International Bharati Festival 2020 was organised by the Vanavil Cultural Centre (Tamil Nadu) which marked his 138th birth anniversary.
    • Scholar Shri Seeni Viswanathan received the Bharathi Award for the year 2020.

Source: TH

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