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Indian History

Ambedkar Jayanti

  • 15 Apr 2019
  • 3 min read

On 14 April 2019, the birth anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was celebrated.

  • He was the principal architect of the Indian Constitution and independent India’s first law minister.
  • Dr. Ambedkar was a social reformer, jurist, economist, author, polyglot orator, a scholar of comparative religions and thinker.

About Dr. Ambedkar

  • Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891 in Mhow, Central Province (now Madhya Pradesh).
  • He founded Bahishkrit Hitkarni Sabha (1923).
  • He led the Mahad Satyagraha in March 1927 to challenge the regressive customs of the Hindus.
  • In 1932 he signed Poona pact with Mahatma Gandhi.
  • He participated in all three round-table conferences.
  • In 1936, he was elected to the Bombay Legislative Assembly as a legislator (MLA).
  • In 1947, Dr. Ambedkar accepted PM Nehru's invitation to become Minister of Law in the first Cabinet of independent India.
  • On August 29, 1947, he was appointed Chairman of the Drafting Committee for the new Constitution.
  • He resigned from the cabinet in 1951, over differences on the Hindu Code Bill.
  • In 1956, he converted to Buddhism.
  • He passed away on 6th December 1956.

Poona Pact

  • The Communal Award was announced by the British prime minister, Ramsay MacDonald, on August 16, 1932.
  • Award established separate electorates and reserved seats for minorities and the depressed classes.
  • Dr. B.R. Ambedkar had a viewpoint that the depressed classes should be treated as a distinct, independent minority separate from the Hindus.
  • While strongly disagreeing with the Communal Award, the Congress decided neither to accept it nor to reject it.
  • Mahatma Gandhi saw the Communal Award as an attack on Indian unity and nationalism. He thought it was harmful to both Hinduism and to the depressed classes.
  • Mahatma Gandhi demanded that the depressed classes be elected through joint and if possible a wider electorate through the universal franchise, he went on an indefinite fast on September 20, 1932.
  • Later Poona Pact was signed between Mahatma Gandhi and B.R. Ambedkar on behalf of the depressed classes on September 24, 1932.
  • The Poona Pact abandoned the idea of separate electorates for the depressed classes.
  • But the seats reserved for the depressed classes were increased from 71 to 147 in provincial legislatures and to 18% of the total in the Central Legislature.
  • The Poona Pact was accepted by the government as an amendment to the Communal Award.
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