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Indian Economy

Spices Sector in India

  • 23 Dec 2021
  • 4 min read

For Prelims: Major Spice Producing States, Key Statistics for Spices Sector

For Mains: Spices Production in India, Initiative Taken for the Spices Sector

Why in News

Recently, the Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has released the book ‘Spices Statistics at a Glance 2021.

  • The book highlights the growth achieved in the production of spices and increase in area during the last seven years from 2014-15 to 2020-21 in the country.

Key Points

  • About Spices:
    • Spices are aromatic flavorings from seeds, fruits, bark, rhizomes, and other plant parts.
    • They are used to season and preserve food, and as medicines, dyes, and perfumes.
    • Spices have been highly valued as trade goods for thousands of years.
      • The word spice comes from the Latin species, which means merchandise, or wares.
    • The demand of spices has tremendously increased due to the recognition of spices as a health supplement especially during the pandemic period.
      • This can be clearly seen from the growing export of spices like turmeric, ginger, cumin, chilli etc.
  • Spices Production In India:
    • India is the world's largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices.
    • Due to the varying climates - from tropical to subtropical to temperate-almost all spices grow splendidly in India.
    • In reality almost all the states and union territories of India grow one or the other spices.
    • Under the act of Parliament, a total of 52 spices are brought under the purview of the Spices Board.
      • Spices Board (Ministry of Commerce and Industry) is the flagship organization for the development and worldwide promotion of Indian spices.
      • It was established by the Spices Board Act, 1986.
    • In India, there are some states which grow the spices that have very high value in both national and international markets.
  • Spices Trade:
    • The export of spices contributes 41% of the total export earnings from all horticulture crops in the country.
    • It ranks fourth among agricultural commodities, falling behind only the marine products, non basmati rice and basmati rice.

  • Related Government Initiative:
    • Recently, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) inaugurated the fifth session of the Codex Committee on Spices and Culinary Herbs (CCSCH) established under Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC).
    • About the Codex Committee on Spices and Culinary Herbs (CCSCH):
      • Establishment: It was formed in 2013.
      • Terms of Reference:
        • To elaborate worldwide standards for spices and culinary herbs in their dried and dehydrated state in whole, ground, and cracked or crushed form.
        • To consult, as necessary, with other international organizations in the standards development process to avoid duplication.

Source: PIB

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