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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
So what if Jallikattu is an age-old tradition
Nov 30, -0001

Background

In May 2014, the court said “bulls cannot be allowed as performing animals, either for Jallikattu events or bullock-cart races in the state of Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra or elsewhere in the country.” The Centre’s notification last week sought to overturn the SC ban.

The SC order also identified “the five freedoms” of animals:

  • freedom from hunger, thirst and malnutrition
  • freedom from fear and distress
  • freedom from physical and thermal discomfort
  • freedom from pain, injury and disease, and
  • freedom to express normal patterns of behaviour.

AIt asked Parliament to “elevate rights of animals to that of constitutional rights, as done by many of the countries around the world, so as to protect their dignity and honour”.

Back in 1991, the Environment Ministry had banned the training and exhibition of bears, monkeys, tigers, panthers and dogs. The notification was challenged by the Indian Circus Organisation before the Delhi High Court, and after prolonged litigation, the legality of the notification was upheld. The ministry issued a fresh notification in 2011, which specifically included “bulls”, paving the way for the Jallikattu ban. The May 2014 order upheld the 2011 notification.

However, Modifying its 2011 order that included bulls in a list of animals that “shall not be exhibited or trained as performing animal”, the Environment Ministry in January 2016, issued a notification saying Jallikattu, a sport traditionally played in Tamil Nadu during Pongal celebrations, can be held this year.

Against this, The Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI), People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), and some others moved the Supreme Court, seeking urgent hearing of appeals against the Centre’s order.

Government argument on lifting on ban:

  • Government invoked tales from the Mahabharata to urge the Supreme Court to lift its ban on the “ancient sport” of jallikattu, arguing that the bull-taming sport, banned since 2014 by the apex court for cruelty, is good for maintaining bio-diversity.
  • The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEF) justifiedjallikattu and bullock-cart races, saying that jallikattu “encourages breeding of indigenous bulls.”

Argument of Organizer’s:

  • Organisers of Jallikattu and bullock-cart races argue that these are traditional practices closely associated with village life, especially in the southern districts.
  • The bulls are specifically identified, trained and nourished for these sporting events, and their owners spend considerable sums on their upkeep.
  • No tickets are sold for Jallikattu or bullock-cart races, and not much pain or suffering is caused to the animal. Thus, they argue, while these events may be regulated, they ought not to be completely prohibited.

Argument of PETA:

  • Through various reports, affidavits and photographs, the PETA has argued that Jallikattu bulls are physically and mentally tortured for the pleasure and enjoyment of human beings.
  • They have also produced visual evidence for torture and cruelty to bullocks in Maharashtra’s bullock-cart races.
  • Jallikattu or bullock-cart races conducted in this way have no historical, cultural or religious significance in Tamil Nadu or Maharashtra, and that the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (PCA) Act, 1960, must supersede any such practice.

Observation of Supreme court:

  • Jallikattu is an age-old tradition, so was child marriage until it was declared a crime.
  • The Apex court also observed that mere presence of tradition cannot justify its practice.

What is Jallikattu:

  • Jallikattu means “bull-taming,” and bulls are let loose as young men compete to subdue them.
  • The sport, usually held in the “Pongal” season in February to celebrate the winter harvest


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