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prelims Test Series 2019
बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
RANI KI VAV
Jul 21, 2014

  • Rani – ki – Vav   an intricately constructed stepwell situated in the town of Patan in Gujarat, India, has been approved for inscription on the World Heritage list. 

  • The recognition was granted by the UNESCO at the World Heritage Committee Session currently on at Doha, Qatar. 

  • UNESCO has recognized this masterpiece as an exceptional example of technological development in utilizing ground water resources in a single component, water management system and it illustrates the exceptional capacity to break large spaces into smaller volumes following ideal aesthetic proportions.

  • Rani-ki-Vav, a stepwell built in the 11th century is the most developed, elaborate and ornate example of a unique type of Indian subterranean architectural structure, and it marks the zenith in the evolution of stepwells in India. 

  • The stepwell was built as memorial to King Bhimdev 1 of the solanki dynasty on the banks of Saraswati.

  • It is a particularly large and complex example of a stepwell, with seven storeys of ornamented panels of sculptures and relief representing the height of the Maru-Gurjara style. 

  • Following the flooding and disappearance of the Saraswati River due to geotectonic changes, the property was buried under layers of silt for almost seven centuries and has been preserved underneath in an exceptional state of conservation by the Archaeological Survey of India. 

  • The stepwell is digitally documented through collaboration between ASI, CyArk and the Scottish Ten. 

  • The initiative of additionally protecting surrounding area around Rani ki Vav with its inclusion in the Local Development Plan is an exemplary example of integrating heritage with planning and needs to be emulated for heritage sites across India. 

  • The local residents of Patan who were engaged actively in the process and provided full support to ASI and State Government in the process including its field evaluation by ICOMOS (the Advisory Body to UNESCO) deserve a special mention in achieving this target to place this stepwell on India’s World Heritage List. 

  • Three other sites that are along with inscribed are: Namhansenong in South Korea, the Grand Canal running from Beijing to Zhejiang province in Southern China, and the Silk Roads network of Chang'an-Tianshen Corridor.


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