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Prime minister releases country's first-ever National Disaster Management Plan
Jun 28, 2016

Prime minister unveiled the National Disaster Management Plan that seeks to provide a framework and direction to government agencies for prevention, mitigation and management of disasters. This is the first national plan since enactment of the Disaster Management Act in 2005.

Background:

Though Section 11of the Disaster Management Act mandates preparation of a national plan by the national executive committee headed by Union home secretary, no such plan had been drawn up so far. The Centre has now fulfilled this requirement by releasing a national plan that will be aligned with the goals and priorities set out in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. The plan will now have to be approved by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) headed by the prime minister

Aim of Plans:

It aims to make India disaster resilient and significantly reduce the loss of lives and assets. The plan is based on the four priority themes of the “Sendai Framework,” namely: understanding disaster risk, improving disaster risk governance, investing in disaster risk reduction (through structural and non-structural measures) and disaster preparedness, early warning and building back better in the aftermath of a disaster.

Vision of Plan:

The vision of the plan is to "make Indian disaster-resilient, achieve substantial disaster reduction and significantly decrease the loss of life, livelihoods and assets...by maximising the ability to cope with disasters at all levels of administration as well as among communities

Salient features:

  • The plan covers all phases of disaster management: prevention, mitigation, response and recovery.

  • It provides for horizontal and vertical integration among all the agencies and departments of the Government.

  • The plan also spells out the roles and responsibilities of all levels of Government right up to Panchayat and Urban Local Body level in a matrix format.

  • The plan has a regional approach, which will be beneficial not only for disaster management but also for development planning.

  • It is designed in such a way that it can be implemented in a scalable manner in all phases of disaster management.

  • It also identifies major activities such as early warning, information dissemination, medical care, fuel, transportation, search and rescue, evacuation, etc. to serve as a checklist for agencies responding to a disaster.

  • It also provides a generalized framework for recovery and offers flexibility to assess a situation and build back better.

  • To prepare communities to cope with disasters, it emphasizes on a greater need for Information, Education and Communication activities.

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