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India's air rivals China's as deadliest in the world: Study
Feb 17, 2017

In news:

According to a new study published, India’s air now rivals China’s as the world’s deadliest amid warnings that efforts to curb pollution from coal will not yield results any time soon. India’s notoriously poor air quality causes nearly 1.1 million premature deaths every year, almost on a par with China, concluded a joint report by two U.S.-based health research institutes.

  • India has recorded a nearly 50% increase in premature deaths linked to fine airborne particles known as PM2.5 between 1990 and 2015, the report found.
  • These microscopic particles are so light they float on air and lodge deep in the lungs, and have been linked to higher rates of lung cancer, chronic bronchitis and heart disease.
  • India now approaches China in the number of deaths attributable to PM2.5
  • Efforts to reduce smog in China — which jostles with India for the unenviable title of world’s most polluted country — have seen early deaths from PM2.5 stabilise at around 1.1 million since 2005
  • India and neighbouring Bangladesh have experienced the steepest increases in pollution since 2010 and now have the highest PM2.5 concentrations in the world



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