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Drishti The Vision Foundation
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Indian Rhino Vision 2020
Jul 24, 2014

  • The conservation of Indian rhinos (Rhinoceros unicornis) in Assam and India has been a great success in Kaziranga National Park. Through strict protection, the declining population of 10–20 rhinos in 1905 has recovered to more than 1800 individuals in 2007. However, more than 86 percent of India’s rhinos live in just one national park, Kaziranga. Only few other national parks, such as Orang and Pobitora, carry valuable populations of Indian rhinos. The risk to loose rhinos to disease, poaching and other problems (e.g. habitat destruction, traffic) has grown with the increase of human populations around the national parks and the always growing demand for rhino horns. 

  • Indian Rhino Vision 2020 (IRV 2020) is a partnership between the Assam Forest Department, the Bodoland Territorial Council, WWF, IRF, and the US Fish and Wildlife Service. 

  • Its goal is to have a wild population of at least 3,000 Greater one-horned rhinos in the Indian state of Assam – spread over seven protected areas – by the year 2020.

  • IRV 2020 is an ambitious rhino range and population expansion programme. 

  • There are only approximately 3,333 Greater one-horned rhinos left in the world (as at 31 December 2012), with about 75% of those found in the Indian state of Assam. Through the concentrated efforts of the IRV2020 programme, the species is increasing in number once again, despite the continued threats of poaching and habitat loss. IRV 2020 is an exceptionally significant and inspirational programme that has captivated imaginations and support locally in Assam and nationally in India.

  • The project also aims to reduce the rhino population pressures in any single habitat by ensuring a better distribution of the rhino population over suitable ranges.

  • In addition, the project concentrates on integrating the local communities into the conservation effort. It aims to provide jobs for people living around the national parks (in conservation or tourism), to help to protect crops from being raided and to implement further educational methods.

  • Phase 1 of IRV 2020 was conducted from 2005 to 2008.


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