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Indian Forest Cover
Aug 13, 2015

The forest cover includes all lands which have a tree canopy density of 10 percent and above and have a minimum area of one hectare. India state of forest report cover all tree species along with bamboos, fruit bearing trees, coconut, palm, etc. and all areas including forest, private, community or institutional lands .

The forest cover of the country has been classified on the basis of the canopy density  into pre-defined classes, viz. Very Dense Forest (VDF), Moderately Dense Forest (MDF)  and Open Forest (OF). Scurb are not counted among forest

Indian-Forest-Cover

As per current 2013 report, total forest cover of the country is 697,898 sq km which works out as 21.23 percent of the geographical area of the country. In terms of density classes, area covered by VDF is 83,502 sq km, that with MDF is 318,745 sq km and OF is 295,651 sq km. The VDF class constitutes 2.54 percent, the MDF class constitutes 9.70 percent and the OF class constitutes 8.99 percent of total geographical area of the country.{ Forest Cover (MDF>OF>VDF)}

Indian Forest Cover

States/UTs-wise Forest Cover

Madhya Pradesh has the largest forest cover (77,522 sq km) in the country followed by Arunachal Pradesh (67,321 sq km), Chhattisgarh (55,621 sq km), Maharashtra (50,632 sq km) and Odisha (50,347 sq km). 

In terms of percentage of forest cover with respect to total geographical area, Mizoram with 90.38% has the highest forest cover, followed by Lakshadweep (84.56 percent), Andaman & Nicobar Islands (81.36 percent), Arunachal Pradesh (80.39 percent), Nagaland (78.68 percent), Meghalaya (77.08 percent), Manipur (76.10 percent) andTripura (75.01 percent).

Forest Cover of India

Fig: Forest Cover of India

Indian Forest Cover

State having forest cover more than 33%

15 states/UTs have above 33 percent of the geographical area under forest cover. Out of these states and UTs, eight states have more than 75 percent forest cover while seven states have forest cover between 33 percent and 75 percent.

Indian Forest Cover

Change in forest cover over 2011 State of forest report

The positive change can be attributed to conservation measures or management interventions such as afforestation activities, participation of locals for better protection measures in plantation areas as well as in traditional forest areas etc., whereas the decrease in forest cover is due to harvesting of short rotational plantations, clearances in encroached areas, biotic pressures, shifting cultivation practices etc. Blow diagram list reason for change state wise:

Indian Forest Cover


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