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India STATE OF FOREST REPORT-2013
Aug 23, 2014

  • Forest Survey of India (FSI) has been assessing the forest and tree resources of our country on a biennial basis since 1987.

  • This is the 13th edition of SFR. 

  • Three new chapters have been added in the report:-
    • Important Characteristics of India’s Forest (describes important features of forest areas like regeneration status, susceptibility to various injuries, crop composition, its origin, forest soil characteristic etc.);
    • Trees in Agroforestry System (giving information on area, growing stock and carbon stock etc. under Agroforestry);and
    • Urban Tree Resources (giving information on green cover and growing stock of wood in urban areas).

  • The total forest and tree cover of the country is 78.92 million hectare which is 24.01 percent of the geographical area of the country.

  • Unlike the previous report of 2011, which showed an overall decrease of 367 sq km of the forest cover in the country, this time a phenomenal increase in the forest cover has been registered. As compared to the assessment of 2011, there is an increase of 5871 sq km in the forest cover of the country.

  • The majority of the increase in the forest cover has been observed in open forest category mainly outside forest areas. The maximum increase in forest cover has been observed in West Bengal (3810 sq. km.) followed by Odisha (1444 sq. km.) and Kerala (622sq km).

  • Madhya Pradesh has the largest forest cover of 77,522 sq. km. in terms of area in the country followed by Arunachal Pradesh with forest cover of 67,321 sq. km.

  • In terms of percentage of forest cover with respect to total geographical area, Mizoram with 90.38 percent had the highest forest cover in terms of percentage of forest cover to Geographical area followed by Lakshadweep with 84.56 percent.

  • 15 States/UTs had above 33 percent of the geographical area under forest cover. Out of these States and UTs, eight states namely Mizoram, Lakshadweep, A&N Island, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur and Tripura had more than 75 percent forest cover while 7 States namely Goa, Sikkim, Kerala, Uttarakhand, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Chhattisgarh and Assam had forest cover between 33% to 75%.

  • The total growing stock of India’s forest and trees outside forests is estimated as 5,658.046 million cum which comprises 4,173.362 million cum inside the forests and 1484.68 million cum outside the forests. In the present assessment, total carbon stock in country’s forest was estimated to be 6941 million tonnes. There was an increase of 278 million tonnes in the carbon stock of country as compared to the year 2004 as reported in ISFR 2011.

  • The report is based on interpretation of LISS III sensor data of indigenous Resources at-II satellite with spatial resolution of 23.5 meter with minimum mapable area of one ha for the period October, 2010–January, 2012. 


  • The current assessment shows that mangrove cover in the country is 4,628 sq km which is 0.14 per cent of the country's total geographical area. 


  • Mangrove Cover 2013 State Wise.


  • The total estimated number of trees found in the urban area of the country is 304 million. Total volume in the urban tree has been estimated to be 98 m. cum. Maximum tree volume has been observed in Karnataka (9.7 m. cum) followed by Maharashtra (9.6 m. cum), Madhya Pradesh (8.9 m. cum) and Kerala (6.7 m. cum.


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