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GOVERNMENT OF INDIA'S SCHEMES AND STEPS FOR RECOVERY OF CRITICALLY ENDANGERED SPECIES
Jul 05, 2014

i) The Centrally Sponsored Scheme 'Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats' has been modified in 2008-09 by including a new component namely 'Recovery of Endangered Species' and 16 species have been identified for recovery viz. 

a) Snow Leopard

b) Bustard (including Floricans)


c) Dolphin


d) Hangul


e) Nilgiri Tahr


f) Marine Turtles


g) Dugong


h) Edible Nest Swiftlet


i) Asian Wild Buffalo


j) Nicobar Megapode


k) Manipur Brow-antlered Deer


l) Vultures


m) Malabar Civet


n) Indian Rhinoceros


o) Asiatic Lion


p) Swamp Deer and 


q) Jerdon’s Courser.

 

  •  "Assistance for Development of National Parks and Sanctuaries” The scheme was modified and renamed as 'Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats". Support provided under this scheme are:

    1) Support to Protected Areas (National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves).

    2) Protection of Wildlife outside Protected Areas.

    3) Recovery Programmes for saving critically endangered species and habitats.

  • This is one of the three schemes being run for the protection of wildlife in India. Other two schemes are "Project Tiger" and "Project Elephant".


ii) Under the 'Recovery of Endangered Species' component of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme ‘Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats' Rs financial assistance has been provided for the recovery of endangered species viz. Hangul in Jammu and Kashmir, Snow Leopard in Jammu and Kashmir and Uttarakhand, Vulture in Punjab, Haryana and Gujarat, Swiftlet in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nilgiri Tahr in Taml Nadu, Sanghai Deer in Manipur.


iii)
Legal protection has been provided to endangered wild animals and plants against hunting and commercial exploitation under the provisions of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.

iv)
The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, has been amended and made more stringent. 

v)
The punishment in cases of offences has been enhanced. The Act also provides for forfeiture of any equipment, vehicle or weapon that is used for committing wildlife offence.

vi)
Protected Areas, viz, National Parks, Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves all over the country covering the important habitats have been created as per the provisions of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 to provide better protection to wildlife, including threatened species and their habitat.

vii)
The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has been empowered under the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 to apprehend and prosecute wildlife offenders.

viii)
The State Governments have been requested to strengthen the field formations and intensify patrolling in and around the Protected Areas.

ix)
The Wildlife Crime Control Bureau has been set up for control of poaching and illegal trade in wildlife and its products.

x)
Strict vigil is maintained through effective communication system.



 

 


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