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Environment Ministry releases new categorisation of industries
Mar 21, 2016

What is it about:

  • New categorization of industries based on their pollution load.

  • The new category of White industries which is practically non-polluting will not require Environmental Clearance (EC) and Consent and 

How it will help industries:

As non-polluting industries will not require environment clearance, it will help in getting finance from lending institutions. The exercise of Re-categorization is a landmark decision to give a fair picture of the industries.

Re-categorization of industries based on their pollution load is a scientific exercise. The old system of categorization was creating problems for many industries and was not reflecting the pollution of the industries. The new categories will remove this lacuna and will give clear picture to everyone. 25 industrial sectors which were not critically polluting were also earlier categorized as Red. This was creating wrong impression to everyone.

Purpose of Re-categorisation:

  • To ensure that the industry is established in a manner which is consistent with the environmental objectives. 

  • To prompt industrial sectors  to adopt cleaner technologies, resulting in generation of fewer pollutants. 

  • Facilitating self-assessment by industries as the subjectivity of earlier assessment has been eliminated. 

  • To create a clean & transparent working environment in the country and promote the Ease of Doing Business.

Criteria of categorisation:

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has developed the criteria of categorization of industrial sectors based on the Pollution Index which is a function of :

  • The emissions (air pollutants)

  • Effluents (water pollutants)

  • Hazardous wastes generated and 

  • Consumption of resources.

The salient features of the ‘Re-categorization’ exercise are as follows:

Due importance has been given to relative pollution potential of the industrial sectors based on scientific criteria. Further, wherever possible, splitting of the industrial sectors is also considered based on the use of raw materials, manufacturing process adopted and in-turn pollutants expected to be generated.

  • The Red category of industrial sectors would be 60.

  • The Orange category of industrial sectors would be 83.

  • The Green category of industrial sectors would be 63.

  • Newly-introduced White category contains 36 industrial sectors which are practically non-polluting.

  • There shall be no necessity of obtaining the Consent to Operate’’ for White category of industries. An intimation to concerned SPCB / PCC shall suffice.

  • No Red category of industries shall normally be permitted in the ecologically fragile area / protected area.

What is Pollution Index:

  • The Pollution Index PI of any industrial sector is a number from 0 to 100 

  • The increasing value of PI denotes the increasing degree of pollution load from the industrial sector. 

  • Criteria on  ‘Range of Pollution Index ‘for the purpose of categorization of  industrial sectors is :

  • Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of 60 and above -  Red category

  • Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of  41 to 59      –  Orange category

  • Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of  21 to 40       –  Green category

  • Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score incl.&upto 20    -  White category

Other similar efforts include:

  • Installation of Continuous Online Emissions/ Effluent Monitoring Systems in the polluting industries,   

  • Revisiting the CEPI (Comprehensive Environment Pollution Index) concept for assessment of polluted industrial cluster

  • Revision of existing industrial emission/effluent discharge standards

  • Initiation of special drive on pollution control activities in Ganga River basin

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