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Energy Conservation & Building Codes
Feb 17, 2016

India’s commercial sector, which consumes nearly a tenth of country’s electricity and has seen double digit growth in terms of addition of built-up area over the past decade, accounts for 8% of country’s direct carbon inventory in terms of greenhouse gas emissions and about 4% related indirect emissions.

Initiative for adoption of Energy efficient best Practice

Many initiatives, including the BEE’s ECBC program, appliance rating program coupled with star rating of buildings, Green Building ratings systems amongst others have encouraged adoption of energy efficient best practices over the past few years.  The commercial sector promises to offer energy savings to the tune of 30% through technology retrofits, thereby unlocking huge amount of energy re-source from the load end.

Energy Conservation & Building Codes scheme:

  • The Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) was launched in May 2015

  • It is presently in vogue on voluntary basis. 

  • The ECBC sets minimum energy standards for new commercial buildings having a connected load of 100 kW or contract demand of 120 kVA.


  • The objective of the ECBC component is to make 75% of all new starts of commercial buildings ECBC compliant by the end of the 12th  Plan period and to reduce energy consumption of 20% of the existing commercial buildings through retrofits.

  • The estimated savings in energy use in new and existing buildings over the Business as Usual (BAU) scenario is estimated to be 5.07 BU during 12th plan.

  • To meet the targets of 12th Plan, several activities have been proposed like adoption & facilitation for ECBC implementation, development of test standards for building components, support for creation of building material testing laboratories,  capacity building and creating a cadre of ECBC professionals through a  testing &certification programme, training & capacity building programmes for various stakeholders. Additionally to improve energy efficiency in existing buildings retrofitting & Star labeling of commercial building would be continued

  • Consequent to the development of Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) by BEE for all new commercial buildings with a connected load of 100 kW and above, its adoption and enforcement lies with the State governments and urban local bodies through notification within their states.

  • More than 160 buildings under different categories have so far been labeled under Star Rating Programme for buildings based on its actual performance.

  • ECBC has been notified in Rajasthan, Odisha, Uttrakhand, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka and UT of Puducherry. Further, Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Haryana, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh are in the process of notifying the ECBC.

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