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Contribution of women in freedom struggle
Jan 25, 2014

Hundreds and thousands of women of our country had participated in the freedom movement with courage. The entire history of the freedom movement is replete with the saga of bravery, sacrifice and political sagacity of women.

Some important personalities are mentioned below:

a) Lakshmi Bai : She protested against the ‘Doctrine of Lapse’. She refused to surrender Jhansi and fought bravely attired as a male during the Revolt of 1857 and died in the battle field fighting the British forces. Her courage inspired many Indians to rise against the alien rule.

b) Sarojini Naidu was responsible for awakening the women of India. She was first woman President of the Indian National Congress in 1925 at the Kanpur Session. Her famous achievements were Satyagraha Movement, Khilafat movement, The Rowlett Act and the Montagu Chelmsford Reform through which she earned huge glory and respect worldwide. 

c) Aruna Asaf Ali played a leading role during the Quit Indian Movement.She unfurled the National Flag at the Gowalia Tank maidan in Bombay to signify the commencement of the Quit India Movement and became a legend for thousands of youth.She edited ‘Inquilab’ a monthly journal of the Indian National Congress.

d) Madam Bhikaji Cama : She unfurled the first National Flag at the International Socialist Conference in Stuttgart (Germany) in 1907, organized Free India Society and began the journal ‘Bande Mataram’ to spread her revolutionary thought.

e) Padmaja Naidu : Sarojini Naidu’s daughter Padmaja Naidu had entered the national scene at the age of 21. She became the joint founder of the Indian National Congress of Hyderabad. She spread the message of Khadi and inspired people to boycott foreign goods.

f) Annie Besant, Irish by birth was a staunch supporter of India’s struggle for freedom. She founded the Home Rule League in Madras in 1916. She also founded the Theosophical Society of India. She was the President (First Woman President) of Indian National Congress for one term at Calcutta in 1917. She also edited ‘New India’ and ‘Commonwealth’. She had done ample work to formulate favorable opinion about the Indian question in outside world.

g) Sister Nivedita was an Irish lady named Miss Margaret Nobel who arrived in India in January, 1898 in search of truth. She propagated for the cause of India throughout America and Europe. She attended the Benares Congress Session in 1905 and supported the Swadeshi Movement.

h) Kasturba Gandhi : Kasturba, the wife of Mahatma Gandhi, was one of the foremost supporters of the Gandhi’s programmes. One of the first women to be imprisoned in Transvaal, she took part in the Quit India Movement (1942) and was arrested. She died while imprisoned in Poona.

 

 


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