Study Material | Test Series
Drishti IAS
call1800-121-6260 / 011-47532596
Drishti The Vision Foundation
(A unit of VDK Eduventures Pvt. Ltd.)
prelims Test Series 2019
बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
CONVENTION ON MIGRATORY SPECIES 1979
Dec 30, 2013

The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (also known as the Bonn Convention) aims to “conserve terrestrial, marine and avian migratory species throughout their range.” The Convention facilitates the adoption of strict protection measures for endangered migratory species, the conclusion of multilateral agreements for the conservation and management of migratory species, and co-operative research activities.

The parties to the Convention acknowledge the importance of conserving migratory species thus objectives of the convention are:

To avoid any migratory species becoming endangered, the parties will take steps:

  • to promote, cooperate in or support research relating to migratory species;
  • to provide immediate protection for migratory species included in Appendix I; and
  • to conclude Agreements covering the conservation and management of migratory species listed in Appendix II.

To protect endangered migratory species, the parties will endeavour:

  • to conserve or restore the habitats of endangered species;
  • to prevent, remove, compensate for or minimise the adverse effects of activities or obstacles that impede the migration of the species; and
  • to the extent feasible and appropriate, to prevent, reduce or control factors that are endangering or are likely to further endanger the species.

Within the convention there are a number of agreements covering specific migratory species, including:

  • EUROBATS – Agreement on the Conservation of Bats in Europe, concluded in September 1991.
  • Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic and North Seas, 1991.
  • African-Eurasian Water bird Agreement (AEWA), 1995.
  • Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area (ACCOBAMS), 1996.
  • Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels, 2001.

The Convention has two appendices: 

Migratory species threatened with extinction are listed on Appendix I of the Convention. CMS Parties strive towards strictly protecting these animals, conserving or restoring the places where they live, mitigating obstacles to migration and controlling other factors that might endanger them. Besides establishing obligations for each State joining the Convention, CMS promotes concerted action among the Range States of many of these species.

Migratory species that need or would significantly benefit from international co-operation are listed in Appendix II of the Convention. For this reason, the Convention encourages the Range States to conclude global or regional Agreements.


Helpline Number : 87501 87501
To Subscribe Newsletter and Get Updates.