BrahMos range to be doubled
Nov 09, 2016
Why in news:
- India and Russia have agreed to double the range of the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile that the two produce together.
- This follows, India’s recent accession to the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).
- Earlier, India was denied access to the missile technology with range over 300 km as it was not a member state.
- The range will be extended to over 600 km and it would only require slight re-engineering
- The two countries teamed up to develop the missile in 1998, which is based on the Russian Yakhont anti-ship missile.
- Its range was limited to 290 km as Russia was a member of MTCR but India was not.
- The missile is named after two rivers, the Brahmaputra and the Moskva.
- Joint venture between the Russian Federation's NPO Mashinostroeyenia and India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
- It is two-staged missile with solid propellant booster engine as its first stage which brings it to supersonic speed.
- The liquid ramjet or second stage takes the missile closer to 3 Mach speed in cruise phase.
- It operates on “fire and forget” principle.
What is MTCR
- The Missile Technology Control Regime is an informal and voluntary association of countries which share the goals of non-proliferation of unmanned delivery systems capable of delivering weapons of mass destruction, and which seek to coordinate national export licensing efforts aimed at preventing their proliferation.
- Establishment:The MTCR was originally established in 1987 by Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States.
- Since that time, the number of MTCR partners has increased to a total of thirty-five countries, all of which have equal standing within the Regime.
- The MTCR rests on adherence to common export policy guidelines (the MTCR Guidelines) applied to an integral common list of controlled items (the MTCR Equipment, Software and Technology Annex). All MTCR decisions are taken by consensus, and MTCR partners regularly exchange information about relevant national export licensing issues.
Aim of MTCR:
- The aim of the MTCR is to restrict the proliferation of missiles, complete rocket systems, unmanned air vehicles and related technology for those systems capable of carrying a 500 kilogramme payload for at least 300 kilometres, as well as systems intended for the delivery of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
Benefits of joining MTCR?
- Partners can play an active role in curbing the global missile non-proliferation threat.
- MTCR Partners participate in decision-making on the orientation and future of the MTCR, thereby setting the international standard for responsible missile non-proliferation behaviour and helping to guide the international missile non-proliferation effort.
- Partners also benefit from discussions and exchanges of information on licensing, interdiction, best practices, and cooperate to impede specific shipments of concern with regards to missile proliferation.