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mains Test Series 2018
Waste to Energy Conference
Mar 09, 2015

Waste to Energy Conference was recently organized by the ASSOCHAM in New Delhi. Throwing light on the challenges of urban waste management and opportunities thereof, Minister of Urban Development M.Venkaiah Naidu has urged the corporates and industrial and trade bodies to walk the talk in respect of ensuring cleanliness and waste management in urban areas.

 

Key Issues

  • There was a call for a concerted action to recycle urban solid waste and sewage for converting them into energy, fuel, fertilizers and irrigation water. 

  • Stress was put on 3-Rs (Reduction, Recycling and Reuse) of solid waste and sewage.

  • The ministry concerned is identifying domestic and foreign companies who can provide cost effective solutions for solid waste and sewage management through reduction, recycling and reuse. 

  • It was underlined that these two issues have been accorded priority under all new urban development initiatives like Swachh Bharat Mission, Smart Cities, Infrastructure development in 500 citites, Heritage City Development etc. 

  • 1,33,000 metric tonnes of municipal solid waste is being generated every day in Class-I and II cities out of which 32% is being littered. 

  • Of the total waste being collected, 72% (6,55,000 metric tonnes) is being landfilled. 

  • Through proper collection and reuse and recycling of solid waste, 440 Mw of power can be generated every year and consumption of chemical fertilizers can be reduced by 30% by using compost made out of solid waste from urban areas. 

  • Refused Derived Fuel is another potential solution for treatment of solid waste which is comparable to coal in terms of costs and calorific value. 

  • About 38,500 million litres of sewage is being generated per day by Class-I and II cities. Recycling of it would help in irrigating about one to three lakh hectares depending on the crop.

  • At present about 61% of sewage is discharged without being treated.


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