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USA-Russia Announces Greenhouse Gas Emission Cuts
Apr 11, 2015

USA and Russia have joined the league of countries who have declared their commitments to a climate action plan to cut post-2020 Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions. This move will now turn world's attention towards big emerging economies like China and India.

  • USA, the biggest historical polluter of the world, committed to cut its Greenhouse gas emissions by 26-28% below its 2005 levels by 2025.

  • Russia promised to reduce its emissions by 25-30% from 1990 levels by 2030.

  • By submitting their plans (known as Intended Nationally Determined Contributions in climate change parlance), the US and Russia have joined 32 other countries including Switzerland, European Union (EU), Norway, Mexico and Gabon who have, so far, submitted their post-2020 climate action plans to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

  • These INDCs will form the basis of the climate negotiations in Paris in December this year when the world is expected to come out with a global climate deal.

  • The GHG emissions of the US, under its present promise, will be 5 billion tonne of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) in 2025. Its per capita emissions would be 14 tonne CO2e in 2025. 

  • India's total emissions will be about 4 billion tonne and its per capita emissions will be less than even three tonne in 2025.

  • China too had indicated its broader plan in November last year when it talked about peaking its greenhouse gas emission around 2030.

  • India had made it clear that the country—which has very low per-capita emission—would not announce its peaking year and rather lay greater emphasis on its adaptation measures and increasing share of renewable energy in the country's total energy mix. India is in process preparing its INDC. 

It is expected that all the countries will submit their climate action plans before October 1 so that a final synthesis report can be prepared by the UNFCCC before the beginning of the Paris climate talks.


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