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USA Elects Donald Trump as New President
Nov 10, 2016

Republican Donald Trump stunned the world by defeating heavily favoured rival Hillary Clinton in the recently voted presidential election, ending eight years of Democratic rule.

  • Trump collected enough of the 270 state-by-state electoral votes needed to win a four-year term that starts on January 20.
  • Republicans also kept control of Congress. The party retains majorities in both the 100-seat US Senate and the US House of Representatives, where all 435 seats were up for grabs.
  • Clinton's 59.7 million votes amounted to 48 percent of the popular vote, compared to Trump's 59.5 million (47 percent). In the Electoral College that determines the winner, however, Trump's 279 votes beats Clinton's 228.

Trump’s win raises a host of questions for the United States at home and abroad. He campaigned on a pledge to take the country on a more isolationist, protectionist ‘America First’ path. He has vowed to impose a 35 per cent tariff on goods exported to the United States by US companies that went abroad.

A wealthy real-estate developer and former reality TV host, 70 year old Trump entered the race back in June 2015 with a dramatically different approach from the plethora of Republican contenders. Rather than repeating the familiar conservative movement talking points on free markets and small governments, he demagogued Mexican immigrants as ‘rapists’ in his announcement speech, and he called for a ban on Muslim immigration to the US after the San Bernardino terror attacks.

The US Election Process

  • The election of President and Vice President of the United States is, technically, an indirect election in which citizens of the United States who are registered to vote in one of the fifty states or Washington, D.C. cast ballots for members of the U.S. Electoral College, known as electors.
  • The electoral college process consists of three phases: first, the selection of electors, second, the meeting of electors where they vote for president and vice president, and last, the counting of the electoral votes by Congress. The electoral college consists of 538 electors. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the president.
  • California—the most populous state—therefore has 55 electors, Texas has 38, and New York and Florida have 29 each. At the other end of the spectrum, less populated Alaska, Delaware, Vermont and Wyoming have only three electors each, as does the District of Columbia.
  • The number of electors in each state is determined by the number of members of Congress (House of Representatives and Senate) the state has.
  • The vote, by universal suffrage, is conducted in a single round in all 50 states and the District of Columbia (the city of Washington, which is not part of any state).
  • Most people think they are voting for Democrat or Republican or their chosen third-party candidate. But they are not. They voted for their state's electors, who will in turn cast votes for the presidential candidate who wins the most votes in their state

 


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