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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Transfer of Blood between Blood Banks Permitted
Oct 23, 2015

The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has identified two major initiatives towards better utilisation of blood and blood components, as part of its commitment to ensure safe blood and enhanced access to blood products, on the recommendation of the National Blood Transfusion Council. 

Key Points

  • The first step is permitting the transfer of blood from one blood bank to another. This was not allowed earlier and will help in transfer of blood to places of scarcity. Detailed guidelines for proper and efficient transport of blood between banks have been prescribed. 

  • The second step is fixing of an exchange value for surplus plasma available at some blood banks in the country. In the absence of the enabling provision, surplus plasma was traded or sold by the blood banks without any regulation whatsoever. 

  • Now an exchange value of Rs.1600 per litre of plasma has been fixed and the blood banks with surplus plasma can exchange it for consumables, equipment etc or plasma derived products, as per their need. 

  • This exchange, however, cannot be in terms of cash.

  • This step is expected to increase the availability of essential life-saving medicines like human albumin, immunoglobulins, clotting factors, etc which are all derived from plasma. 

  • This step would also reduce the country’s dependence on import of these products. 

The National Blood Transfusion Council under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare is the apex body for formulating policy matters pertaining to the organisation, operation, standards and training of a sustainable and safe blood transfusion service for the country, set up under the directions of the Supreme Court of India.

Lack of Blood Donation Awareness in India

The current regulatory requirements for donor eligibility pose a challenge to blood centers in recruitment of voluntary blood donors, particularly in a developing country like India where awareness of the general population is low and myths about blood donation are prevalent.

  • 60.5% of donors were young, below 30 years of age. 

  • Donors were predominantly male (91.6%). 

  • Voluntary donors comprised 88% of the donors. 

  • Total deferral rate was 22.36%, with 17.29% permanent deferrals and 82.71% temporary deferrals.

  • Main reasons for deferral were anemia 39.42%, low body weight 14.29%, hypertension 10.73%, age below 18 years 10.73% and history of medication 6.09%.

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