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Trade Protectionism Starting to Level off: World Bank
Jun 30, 2014

According to World Bank figures, barriers to imports in major economies are starting to recede after a rash of protectionism during the global financial crisis. Group of 20 countries had fewer anti-dumping duties and other barriers to imports in place in 2013 than in 2012, although some—such as the United States—continued to announce new trade investigations that could end in duties. The increase in import protection that began alongside the Great Recession in 2008 may be leveling off.

India had the most temporary trade barriers in place in 2013, covering 6.6 per cent of imports, followed by the United State —the world’s biggest import market—with 6.4 per cent and Peru at 5.7 per cent. The United States had removed some import barriers since 2012, when it was in first place, including duties on salmon fish from Norway, steel plate from Italy and Japan, honey from Argentina and orange juice from Brazil.

The United States had the most new trade investigations in 2013 of the 28 countries and regions covered in the report, taking the volume of imports into account. The countries which had the largest share of exports affected by temporary trade barriers were Latvia, largely due to United States anti-dumping duties imposed on steel concrete rebar, China and Ukraine.

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