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Swachh Survekshan (Clean Index)-2016
Feb 17, 2016

The results of 'Swachh Survekshan-2016' were announced on 15 February by Union Minister of Urban Development, M. Venkaiah Naidu. The Union Urban Development Ministry has selected 10 cities for the Swachh Bharat campaign.

  • The survey of sanitation scenario was conducted in 75 major cities, including 53 with a population of above 10 lakh each and State capitals. Since Kolkata and Noida will participate in the next round, the ranking this year is for 73 cities.

  • Union Urban Development minister Venkaiah Naidu awarded 10 top cleanest and 5 other cities were also awarded for implementing the campaign rapidly.

  • Karnataka's Mysore was voted India's cleanest city. Mysuru is India's cleanest city for the second year in a row.

  • Chandigarh got second place, Tiruchirapalli 3rd, New Delhi Municipal Council, 4th and Visakhapatnam 5th in the list of 73 cities surveyed for sanitation and hygiene conditions as part of the Swachh Bharat Mission.

  • The two cities of Gujarat got the place in the list. Surat received the 6th place while Rajkot 7th. 

  • The eight postition went to Gangtok, the capital of Sikkim.

  • Maharashtra's two cities also found place in top 10 cleanest cities of the nation. Pimpri Chindwada received the 9th, while Greater Mumbai has been palce on 10 positions.

Top-10 Cleanest Cities

1. Mysuru (Karnataka), 2. Chandigarh, 3. Tiruchiraplli (Tamil Nadu), 4. New Delhi Municipal Council, 5. Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh), 6. Surat (Gujarat), 7. Rajkot (Gujarat), 8. Gangtok (Sikkim), 9. Pimpri Chinchwad (Maharashtra), 10. Greater Mumbai (Maharashtra).

Bottom-10 Cleanest Cities

64. Kalyan-Dombivili (Maharashtra), 65. Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh), 66. Jamshedpur (Jharkhand), 67. Ghaziabad (Uttar Pradesh), 68. Raipur (Chhattisgarh), 69. Meerut (Uttar Pradesh), 70. Patna (Bihar), 71. Itanagar (Arunachal Pradesh), 72. Asansol-Durgapur (West Bengal), 73. Dhanbad (Jharkhand)

  • In the latest survey to check cleanliness level, 22 state capitals were covered.

  • Of the cities surveyed, 32 have improved ranks since the last survey including 17 from the North

  • Of the 32, top 10 cities that have substantially improved their ranks in the 2016 survey are Allahabad, Nagpur, Visakhapatnam, Gwalior, Bhubaneswar, Hyderabad, Gurgaon, Vijayawada and Lucknow.

Cities have Potential (Rankings 16-35)

16. Panaji (Goa), 17. Thane (Maharashtra, 18. Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu), 19. Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh), 20. Nagpur (Maharashtra), 21. Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh), 22. Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh), 23. Vijayawada (Andhra Pradesh), 24. Bhubaneswar (Odisha), 25. Indore (Madhya Pradesh), 26. Madurai (Tamil Nadu), 27. Shimla (Himachal Pradesh), 28. Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh), 29. Jaipur (Rajasthan), 30. Gwalior (Madhya Pradesh), 31. Nashik (Maharashtra), 32. Warangal (Telengana), 33. Agartala (Tripura), 34. Ludhiana (Punjab), 35. Vasai-Virar.

Cities Need Acceleration (Rankings 36-53)

36. Chennai (Tamil Nadu), 37. Gurgaon (Haryana), 38. Bengaluru (Karnataka) 39. South Muncipal Corporation of Delhi, 40.Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala), 41. Aizawl (Mizoram), 42. Gandhinagar (Gujarat), 43. North Muncipal Corporation of Delhi, 44. Kozhikode (Kerala), 45. Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh), 46. Durg (Chhattisgarh), 47. Agra (Uttar Pradesh), 48. Srinagar (Jammu and Kashmir), 49. Amritsar (Punjab), 50. Guwahati (Assam), 51. Faridabad (Haryana), 52. East Muncipal Corporation of Delhi, 53. Shillong (Meghalaya)

In the 2015-16 survey, the cities were judged on the basis of their performance on each of the components of the mission, which is solid waste management, construction of individual, community and public toilets and sanitation strategies and behavior change communication.

  • Out of the total marks of 2,000 for assessing the performance of efforts of 73 cities, 60 per cent were assigned for solid waste management related parameters, 30 per cent for construction of toilets and 5 per cent each for city level sanitation strategy and behaviour change communication.

Background: A nationwide survey was conducted by the Urban Development ministry to know the significant improvement over the situation in 2014. The cities were ranked on their performance on each of the components of Swachh Bharat Mission. In 2014, the ministry had carried out a similar exercise in 476 cities and municipalities which have a population of over 1, 00,000. In last year's survey, Delhi was among the dirtiest city to live in.

Swachh Bharat Mission is aimed at ensuring door-to-door collection, transportation and scientific disposal of municipal solid waste in all the 83,000 wards in urban areas by 2019 besides construction of one crore household individual toilets and over five lakh public and community toilet seats. 


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