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Sikkim has Best Condition for Working Women; Delhi Unsafe
Sep 30, 2016

Sikkim has become the best destination for working women in India as per a report, which has also stated that Delhi has the worst conditions for the same group of individuals. This is an unfortunate finding, considering the latter’s status as the national capital, which is supposed to be the premier destination for each and every aspect of life.

The report has been compiled by one of the leading think-tanks from the US–Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)–and an organization named Nathan Associates. 

  • The highest possible rating for a region is 40, the number Sikkim has scored.

Top-10 states: Sikkim is followed by Telangana (28.5 points), Puducherry (25.6), Karnataka (24.7), Himachal Pradesh (24. 2), Andhra Pradesh (24.0), Kerala (22.2), Maharashtra (21. 4), Tamil Nadu (21.1) and Chhattisgarh (21.1).

National Capital Lags Behind: Delhi has scored just 8.5 points, which shows the critical state of conditions for working women in the region, and also several other problems that only seem to be getting bigger with every passing day. 

Delhi came last in our Index, due to its relatively low justice and workforce participation scores; its continued formal restrictions on women working at night in a wide range of sectors; and its lack of any incentives for female entrepreneurs in its industrial policies.

Four factors were used to rank the states and union territories–the number of hours women can legally work in factories, IT industry, and retail sector; how responsive the law and order machinery in the state is when it comes to acts of crime being perpetrated against women like sexual harassment; percentage of women working in the state; and the amount of incentives that enable women to start their own businesses in the city.

  • Four states (Sikkim, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu) have removed all restrictions on women working at night in factories, retail establishments and the IT sector, the report said.
  • In Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, these restrictions were removed as a result of a court judgment.
  • Maharashtra just missed a perfect score; it only allows women to work until 10pm in retail establishments.
  • On the other end of the spectrum, nine states and Union Territories do not formally allow women to work at night in any sector.
  • 15 states and Union Territories did not offer women entrepreneurs any special incentives in their business-promotion policies.
  • India has the world’s lowest rate (24%) of female workforce participation.

This is a serious drag on growth, a 2015 report by the McKinsey Global Institute estimates that India could add 16% to its GDP in ten years if women participated in the workforce at the same rate as men.

 


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